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Headword: Ἡλιαστής
Adler number: eta,215
Translated headword: Heliast
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a juror; [named] from the great jurycourt of the Heliaia. It was so named because it was an open-air place struck by the rays of the sun [helios]. Aristophanes [writes]: "no, on the contrary, [non-jurors!]". This has undergone modification. Meaning in the absolutely opposite way; that is, litigation-hater. For by saying ap-Heliast, [he uses a word] in place of litigation-hater; for the country folk [were] no jury-lovers.
Also [sc. attested is] 'phil-Heliast', [meaning] litigation-lover. Aristophanes [writes]: "he is a phil-heliast like no other man".[1]
All Athenians used to swear the ancient Heliastic oath in public.[2]
Greek Original:
Ἡλιαστής: δικαστής: ἀπὸ μεγάλου δικαστηρίου τῆς Ἡλιαίας. οὕτω δὲ ἐκλήθη διὰ τὸ ἐν ὑπαίθρῳ εἶναι τόπῳ καὶ ὑπὸ τοῦ ἡλίου βάλλεσθαι. Ἀριστοφάνης: μάλα ἀθατέρου. πέπονθε δὲ τοῦτο. ἀντὶ τοῦ οὐκ ἄλλως θατέρου τρόπου: τουτέστι μισόδικος. εἰπὼν γὰρ ἀπηλιαστής, ἀντὶ τοῦ μισόδικος: οἱ γὰρ ἄγροικοι οὐ φιλοδικασταί. καὶ Φιληλιαστής, ὁ φιλόδικος. Ἀριστοφάνης: φιληλιαστής ἐστιν ὡς οὐδεὶς ἀνήρ. ὅτι πάντες Ἀθηναῖοι δημοσίᾳ ὤμνυον τὸ παλαιὸν τὸν ὅρκον τὸν Ἡλιαστικόν.
See already eta 214. The present material comes, initially, from the scholia to Aristophanes, Birds 109-111; and cf. alpha 3154.
[1] Aristophanes, Wasps 88, with scholion; cf. phi 326.
[2] From alpha 3807.
Keywords: aetiology; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; law; religion
Translated by: David Whitehead on 27 July 2006@06:33:56.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 27 July 2006@19:01:10.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr) on 28 July 2006@03:05:03.
David Whitehead on 13 December 2012@03:40:35.
David Whitehead on 22 April 2016@10:00:46.


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