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Headword: Ἡλιαστής
Adler number: eta,215
Translated headword: Heliast
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] a juror; [named] from the great jurycourt of the Heliaia. It was so named because it was an open-air place struck by the rays of the sun [helios]. Aristophanes [writes]: "no, on the contrary, [non-jurors!]". This has undergone modification. Meaning in the absolutely opposite way; that is, litigation-hater. For by saying ap-Heliast, [he uses a word] in place of litigation-hater; for the country folk [were] no jury-lovers.
Also [sc. attested is] 'phil-Heliast', [meaning] litigation-lover. Aristophanes [writes]: "he is a phil-heliast like no other man".[1]
All Athenians used to swear the ancient Heliastic oath in public.[2]
Greek Original:
Ἡλιαστής: δικαστής: ἀπὸ μεγάλου δικαστηρίου τῆς Ἡλιαίας. οὕτω δὲ ἐκλήθη διὰ τὸ ἐν ὑπαίθρῳ εἶναι τόπῳ καὶ ὑπὸ τοῦ ἡλίου βάλλεσθαι. Ἀριστοφάνης: μάλα ἀθατέρου. πέπονθε δὲ τοῦτο. ἀντὶ τοῦ οὐκ ἄλλως θατέρου τρόπου: τουτέστι μισόδικος. εἰπὼν γὰρ ἀπηλιαστής, ἀντὶ τοῦ μισόδικος: οἱ γὰρ ἄγροικοι οὐ φιλοδικασταί. καὶ Φιληλιαστής, ὁ φιλόδικος. Ἀριστοφάνης: φιληλιαστής ἐστιν ὡς οὐδεὶς ἀνήρ. ὅτι πάντες Ἀθηναῖοι δημοσίᾳ ὤμνυον τὸ παλαιὸν τὸν ὅρκον τὸν Ἡλιαστικόν.
Notes:
See already eta 214. The present material comes, initially, from the scholia to Aristophanes, Birds 109-111; and cf. alpha 3154.
[1] Aristophanes, Wasps 88, with scholion; cf. phi 326.
[2] From alpha 3807.
Keywords: aetiology; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; law; religion
Translated by: David Whitehead on 27 July 2006@06:33:56.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 27 July 2006@19:01:10.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr) on 28 July 2006@03:05:03.
David Whitehead on 13 December 2012@03:40:35.
David Whitehead on 22 April 2016@10:00:46.

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