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Headword: Ἐς τὸ δέον
Adler number: epsiloniota,319
Translated headword: for the necessary
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[εἰς τὸ δέον ] and [sc. also attested in the form] ἐς τὸ δέον .[1] Perikles, when he had given bribes to the enemy under Kleandridas' command, in order that they would not pillage the territory [of Attica], charged the expense, fifteen talents, to the Athenians, writing it off with something like "for the necessary".[2] Aristophanes in Clouds [says]: "just like Perikles I spent it 'for the necessary'.[3] And Menander in The Summoned [sc.also uses the phrase].[4] It is also mentioned elsewhere.
Greek Original:
Εἰς τὸ δέον, καὶ Ἐς τὸ δέον: Περικλῆς δῶρα δοὺς τοῖς πολεμίοις τοῖς περὶ Κλεανδρίδαν, ἵνα μὴ δῃώσωσι τὴν χώραν, δεκαπέντε τάλαντα ἀνήνεγκε τὸ ἀνάλωμα τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις, οὕτω πως ἀπογράψας: εἰς τὸ δέον. Ἀριστοφάνης Νεφέλαις: ὥσπερ Περικλέης εἰς τὸ δέον ἀνάλωσα. καὶ Μένανδρος ἐν Ἐπαγγελλομένῳ. μέμνηται δὲ καὶ ἑτέρωθι.
Notes:
The first part of the entry (as far as 'to the Athenians) also occurs in the Lexicon Sabbaiticum; the whole of it = Photius, Lexicon epsilon329 Theodoridis.
[1] The distinction in Greek is simply between two forms of the preposition: εἰς is more common in classical Attic prose; ἐς occurs in Ionic, in some kinds of poetry (on the distribution of the two forms, see LSJ s.v.). There is no difference in meaning.
[2] For this episode see already at delta 243 (and epsiloniota 241 for the proverb arising). The sum of money involved appears variously as ten, fifteen (as here), twenty and fifty talents.
[3] Aristophanes, Clouds 859.
[4] Menander fr. 163 Kock (128 K.-A.).
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; geography; history; military affairs; proverbs
Translated by: William Hutton on 27 June 2005@02:28:02.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified aspects of translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 27 June 2005@03:27:58.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keyword; tweaking) on 28 November 2012@05:50:21.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 1 December 2012@01:55:07.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; cosmetics) on 26 August 2013@08:21:18.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 22 April 2016@06:41:19.
Catharine Roth (note numbers) on 1 May 2018@01:32:29.

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