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Headword: Εἴργεσθαι
Adler number: epsiloniota,179
Translated headword: to be hindered, to be stopped
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] to be prevented.[1]
The [verb] εἴργομαι [is used] with a genitive. "For the god was persuaded, even if begrudged with the tree of knowledge somewhat hindering".[2] But when applying to actives [it is used] with an accusative. "His enthusiasm repulsed those of the Bithynians who were hindering him".[3]
Greek Original:
Εἴργεσθαι: κωλύεσθαι. τὸ Εἴργομαι γενικῇ. ἐπείσθη γὰρ ὁ θεός, εἰ καὶ βασκαίνεται τοῦ τῆς γνώσεως ξύλου τέως εἴργοντος. ἐπὶ δὲ τῶν ἐνεργητικῶν αἰτιατικῇ. ὁ δὲ ζῆλος διωθήσατο τοὺς εἴργοντας αὐτὸν Βιθυνῶν.
Notes:
For this verb, cf. epsiloniota 180, epsiloniota 200, epsiloniota 217.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica. The headword infinitive is presumably quoted from somewhere.
[2] Quotation not identified by Adler, but a TLG search reveals it to be a garbled version of a passage in Gregory of Nazianzus, Orations 36 (PG 36.269): ἐπείσθη γάρ, ὡς θεὸς εἶναι βασκαίνεται, τοῦ τῆς γνώσεως ξύλου τέως εἰργόμενος ; "for he [Adam] was persuaded, that he was begrudged to be a god, being hindered until then from [access to] the tree of knowledge".
[3] Quotation unidentifiable (Adler suggested Diodorus Siculus or Cassius Dio.) In any event Bernhardy advocated emending ζῆλος to the proper name Ζιήλας (zeta 100).
Keywords: biography; Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 10 August 2005@04:37:45.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (fixed betacode typo, added cross-references, set status) on 11 August 2005@00:31:04.
David Whitehead (augmented n.2) on 11 August 2005@02:40:15.
David Whitehead on 26 November 2012@05:38:23.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and note) on 27 December 2012@18:31:56.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note again) on 27 December 2012@18:38:42.
David Whitehead on 22 April 2016@04:12:44.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 16 April 2018@18:29:52.

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