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Headword: Eimi
Adler number: epsiloniota,152
Translated headword: I am
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] I exist.[1]
This does not have a future [sense];[2] but of ei)=mi, [meaning] I proceed, the plurals and the duals [are written] with an iota: i)/men, i)/te.[3]
Homer [writes]: "for I am going to the limits of the fruitful earth to see [Ocean et al.]"[4]
Ajax says: "but I am going to the bathing-places and the coastal meadows, so that when I have purified my stains I can escape the heavy wrath of the goddess".[5]
Greek Original:
Eimi: huparchô. touto mellonta ouk echei: tou de eimi, to poreuomai, ta plêthuntika dia tou i kai ta duïka: imen, ite. Homêros: eimi gar opsomenê poluphorbou peirata gaiês. Aias phêsin: all' eimi pros te loutra kai paraktious leimônas, hôs an lumath' hagnisas ema, mênin bareian exaleusômai theas.
[1] Same glossed in other lexica, beginning with Hesychius epsilon957 (where Latte claims the headword as quoted from Homer, Iliad 1.186); and cf. Choeroboscus in Anecdota Oxoniensia 2.210.32, 211.18. See also epsiloniota 158, eta 568, and cf. omicron 407.
[2] This puzzling statement perhaps distinguishes ei)mi/ "be", where the present tense has only the usual variety of present reference, from ei)=mi "go", where the present tense can refer to the future (as the following quotations illustrate).
[3] cf. Choeroboscus in Grammatici Graeci, 333.17, 362.10. For this verb see already epsiloniota 151.
[4] Homer, Iliad 14.200 (web address 1).
[5] Sophocles, Ajax 654-6 (web address 2); cf. epsilon 4028.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; religion; tragedy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 19 August 2005@09:41:18.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (augmented notes, added links, set status) on 23 August 2005@13:21:34.
David Whitehead (typo) on 24 August 2005@03:02:32.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 25 November 2012@08:44:01.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 27 December 2012@17:59:10.
David Whitehead on 27 January 2014@09:49:24.
David Whitehead on 22 April 2016@03:51:53.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 29 June 2016@10:25:29.


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