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Headword: Ἔμβαινε
Adler number: epsilon,941
Translated headword: go in
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Also [sc. attested is] ἐμβαίνειν ["to go in"], [meaning] to make a beginning.[1] "The impression to go into [ = of going into] the war justly."[2]
"For the Romans took precautions never to lay hands first on their neighbors, nor to be obviously beginning with unjust hands, but always to appear to go against their enemies in self-defense."[3]
Or συμβαίνειν ["to go together"], the [verb that means] to be engaged [e.g. in combat].[4]
Greek Original:
Ἔμβαινε. καὶ Ἐμβαίνειν, ἀρχὴν λαμβάνειν. τὸ δοκεῖν δικαίως ἐμβαίνειν εἰς τὸν πόλεμον. οἱ γὰρ Ῥωμαῖοι πρόνοιαν ἐποιοῦντο τοῦ μηδέποτε πρότεροι τὰς χεῖρας ἐπιβάλλειν τοῖς πέλας, μηδ' ἄρχοντες φαίνεσθαι χειρῶν ἀδίκων, ἀλλ' ἀεὶ δοκεῖν ἀμυνόμενοι ἐμβαίνειν εἰς τοὺς πολέμους. ἢ Συμβαίνειν, τὸ συμπλέκεσθαι.
Notes:
[1] The unglossed primary headword, evidently quoted from somewhere (perhaps Aristophanes, Frogs 188), is a present singular imperative of ἐμβαίνω ; it is followed by the present infinitive of the same verb. See also epsilon 940, epsilon 942, epsilon 1211.
[2] Quotation unidentifiable.
[3] Polybius fr. 99 Büttner-Wobst; see also alpha 1678, alpha 2202, pi 933. Büttner-Wobst notes (528) that Ursinus (Fulvio Orsini, 1529-1600) attributed this fragment to Polybius. Walbank (751) suggests Polybius 36.2 (web address 1) as the context for this fragment.
[4] cf. sigma 1361, sigma 1362, sigma 1363, xi 101, xi 102.
References:
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. III, (Oxford 1979)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 16 February 2007@23:52:26.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 18 February 2007@04:27:28.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 March 2011@08:09:06.
David Whitehead on 15 August 2012@10:04:00.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 24 December 2015@03:25:10.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3, added bibliography) on 28 August 2018@15:12:19.
Ronald Allen (further expanded n.3, added to bibliography) on 28 August 2018@15:25:35.

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