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Headword: Ἐγκαλοῦμαι
Adler number: epsilon,71
Translated headword: I reproach
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Used] with a dative.[1] [As in] "I reproach you for laziness".[2] But [middle-voice] ἐγκαλοῦμαι [is used] with an accusative [3]. [As in] "for our part we reproach the most shameful, almost like actions".[4]
Greek Original:
Ἐγκαλῶ: δοτικῇ. ἐγκαλῶ σοι ῥᾳθυμίαν. Ἐγκαλοῦμαι δὲ αἰτιατικῇ. ἡμεῖς τὰς αἰσχίστας σχεδὸν ὡς πράξεις ἐγκαλούμεθα.
Notes:
[1] From one of the syntactical lexica: J.A Cramer epsilon291, F.W. Sturz 590.24, Magrí and Massa Positano, Laurentianus 59.16 epsilon 32.2. In fact commonly used, as in the example which follows (see n.2), with dative (of person) and accusative (of thing); see generally LSJ s.v.
[2] Quotation unidentifiable. Perhaps from a Christian writer (for whom reproaching laziness is almost a commonplace), but cf. also e.g. Plutarch, Moralia 459C; Dionysius of Halicarnasssus, Roman Antiquities 7.13.3.
[3] (Not only accusative but also dative.) Probably from Lexicon Syntacticum epsilon291.14 Cramer.
[4] Quotation not identified by Adler, but is a faulty version of a phrase in Gregory of Nazianzus, In sanctum Pascha 36.648. The original reads: ἡμεῖς καὶ τὰς αἰτίας, ὡς πράξεις σχεδὸν, ἐγκαλούμεθα ; "we reproach even the intentions, almost like actions [of the one that, according to law, avoids committing faults]". Here the noun αἰτίας has become the adjective αἰσχίστας , distorting the sense.
Keywords: Christianity; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Stefano Sanfilippo on 9 May 2005@02:25:36.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 9 May 2005@18:59:12.
David Whitehead (multiple tweaks and cosmetics) on 10 May 2005@05:05:03.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 24 July 2012@07:52:43.
David Whitehead (coding) on 4 December 2015@03:03:03.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 30 October 2016@02:26:34.

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