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Headword: Ἐκπολεμῶσαι
Adler number: epsilon,589
Translated headword: to provoke to war
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Used] with an accusative. Meaning to bring into war.[1] It is also written with eta [i.e. instead of omega], ἐκπολεμῆσαι ; in Xenophon for example.[2]
[The verb] ἐκπολεμῆσαι is construed with an accusative.[3]
But ἐκπολεμῶσαι [means] making enemies, as if spurring people into war.[4]
Greek Original:
Ἐκπολεμῶσαι: αἰτιατικῇ. ἀντὶ τοῦ εἰς πόλεμον καταστῆσαι. γράφεται δὲ καὶ διὰ τοῦ η ἐκπολεμῆσαι, ὡς καὶ παρὰ Ξενοφῶντι. Ἐκπολεμῆσαι συντάσσεται μετὰ αἰτιατικῆς. Ἐκπολεμῶσαι δὲ τὸ πολεμίους ποιῆσαι, οἷον ἐπὶ πόλεμόν τινας παροξῦναι.
Notes:
After the initial grammatical point, the first part of this entry follows and abridges Harpokration s.v., who extracts this aorist infinitive from Demosthenes (1.7, 3.7) and also cites Thucydides and (see below) Xenophon.
[1] cf. pi 1893; see also epsilon 561.
[2] Harpok. cites book "6" (in fact 5.4.20) of the Hellenica for this; accordingly, the C19 scholar L. Dindorf (followed by E.C. Marchant in the OCT) seems to have been wrong to emend to ἔκπολεμώσειε there.
[3] Despite this comment (and the differentiation in LSJ s.v.) it is not at all clear whether ἐκπολεμόω and ἐκπολεμέω meant substantively different things.
[4] Quoted from epsilon 1038, where in fact the prefix is different: ἐμπολεμῶσαι .
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 31 October 2000@07:34:47.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 9 September 2002@01:04:43.
David Whitehead (augmented and modified notes; added keyword) on 9 September 2002@04:25:31.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 8 February 2007@08:16:22.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 1 July 2007@18:58:05.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 July 2011@09:30:43.
David Whitehead on 8 August 2012@07:01:01.
David Whitehead on 10 December 2015@06:50:25.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 26 December 2016@01:10:24.

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