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Headword: Ἐφ'
Adler number: epsilon,3960
Translated headword: on condition that
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] on this [sc. condition].
Polybius [writes]: "Marcus gave them pledges of safety and persuaded them to leave [sc. Sicily] for Italy, on condition that they take pay from the Rhegians and sack Bruttium, taking whatever was useful from the enemy territory."[1]
And elsewhere: "he agreed to take part in a common alliance, on condition that he get 20 talents per year [...]".[2]
Greek Original:
Ἐφ' ᾧ: ἐπὶ τούτῳ. Πολύβιος: ὁ δὲ Μάρκος δοὺς πίστεις ὑπὲρ ἀσφαλείας ἔπεισεν αὐτοὺς ἐκχωρεῖν ἐς Ἰταλίαν, ἐφ' ᾧ λαμβάνοντας μέτρημα παρὰ τῶν Ῥηγίνων πορθεῖν τε Βρεττιανὴν κυρίους ὄντας, ὧν ἂν ἐκ τῆς πολεμίας ὠφεληθῶσι. καὶ αὖθις: καὶ συνέθεντο μεθέξειν τῆς κοινῆς συμμαχίας, ἐφ' ᾧ λαμβάνειν κ# τάλαντα κατ' ἐνιαυτόν.
Notes:
The headword phrase ἐφ' ᾧ [the SOL presents only the preposition] is illustrated by both of the quotations provided.
For the idiom here see generally LSJ s.v. ἐπί B.II.3.; see also epsilon 3958, epsilon 3962.
[1] Polybius 9.27.11 (web address 1), on events after the fall of Agrigentum to the Romans in 210 BCE. Here M. Valerius Laevinus, one of the consuls of that year, supervises the transfer of fugitives from Agathyrna to southern Italy, there to engage in 'a kind of subsidized brigandage' (Walbank).
[2] Polybius 4.29.7 (web address 2), on events of 220 BCE. The unnamed subject is Scerdilaidas (see Peter Derow's article in OCD(4) s.v.), king of Illyria, who is allying himself with Philip V of Macedon.
Reference:
Walbank, F.W. A Historical Commentary on Polybius, 3 vols., Oxford: Clarendon, 1957-74
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Abram Ring on 27 August 2004@10:53:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (restored vetting level prevailing before retranslation) on 29 August 2004@04:32:35.
Abram Ring (cosmetics, bibliographic reference added) on 27 March 2006@13:21:24.
Catharine Roth (added cross-references and keyword) on 10 December 2007@00:53:35.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; tweaking) on 19 November 2012@09:46:39.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 21 November 2012@00:24:26.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@08:54:36.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; cosmetics) on 21 March 2016@09:10:02.
Catharine Roth (deleted a link) on 28 March 2018@17:10:24.

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