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Headword: Ἔφοροι
Adler number: epsilon,3956
Translated headword: ephors
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Among Lacedaemonians they numbered 5. They were called 'ephors' because they watched over the affairs of the city.[1] They were [in office] in succession.[2]
Greek Original:
Ἔφοροι: παρὰ Λακεδαιμονίοις τὸν ἀριθμὸν ε#, οὓς ἐφόρους ἐκάλουν διὰ τὸ ἐφορᾶν τὰ τῆς πόλεως πράγματα. ἐν διαδοχῇ δὲ ἦσαν.
Notes:
For Sparta's ephors see already epsilon 3955, and generally P.A. Cartledge in OCD(4) s.v.
The present material on them, as C. Theodoridis points out in his Photius edition (vol.II p.CI), is drawn from the scholia to Thucydides 1.85.3, where the ephor Sthenelaidas is introduced.
[1] The verb ἐφοράω means 'to oversee'.
[2] The ephors were elected annually by the Spartan Assembly.
Keywords: biography; constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; religion
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 8 January 2003@01:28:20.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added x-ref, note, keyword; cosmetics) on 8 January 2003@03:29:27.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 9 October 2005@07:10:09.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords) on 11 October 2011@09:06:43.
David Whitehead on 19 November 2012@09:31:16.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@08:55:13.

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