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Headword: Ephoroi
Adler number: epsilon,3956
Translated headword: ephors
Vetting Status: high
Among Lacedaemonians they numbered 5. They were called 'ephors' because they watched over the affairs of the city.[1] They were [in office] in succession.[2]
Greek Original:
Ephoroi: para Lakedaimoniois ton arithmon e#, hous ephorous ekaloun dia to ephoran ta tês poleôs pragmata. en diadochêi de êsan.
For Sparta's ephors see already epsilon 3955, and generally P.A. Cartledge in OCD(4) s.v.
The present material on them, as C. Theodoridis points out in his Photius edition (vol.II p.CI), is drawn from the scholia to Thucydides 1.85.3, where the ephor Sthenelaidas is introduced.
[1] The verb e)fora/w means 'to oversee'.
[2] The ephors were elected annually by the Spartan Assembly.
Keywords: biography; constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; religion
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 8 January 2003@01:28:20.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added x-ref, note, keyword; cosmetics) on 8 January 2003@03:29:27.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 9 October 2005@07:10:09.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords) on 11 October 2011@09:06:43.
David Whitehead on 19 November 2012@09:31:16.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@08:55:13.


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