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Headword: Ἔφοροι
Adler number: epsilon,3955
Translated headword: ephors
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
"Pericles, having persuaded the Spartans' Ephors with bribes in the best interests of the city [sc. of Athens], did not record this in his accounts, as though it were unmentionable and bringing great shame to those who had been involved in bribe-taking; he did nevertheless put on record that the money had been spent 'on the necessary'."[1]
And elsewhere: "the people of Heraclea fell into serious factional conflict. Subsequently, wishing to return to amity and become reconciled they chose Klearchos ephor to return them to harmony".[2]
And elsewhere: "he [Apollonius] wrote to the ephors to proclaim in public the removal of pitch from the baths and the expulsion of the hair-pluckers in order to restore the old ways".[3]
Greek Original:
Ἔφοροι: Περικλέης τοὺς Ἐφόρους τῶν Σπαρτιατῶν συμπείσας ἐπὶ τῷ τῆς πόλεως συμφέροντι χρήμασι τοῦτο μὲν τοῖς λόγοις οὐκ ἀνέγραψεν, ὡς ἂν ἀπόρρητον ὑπάρχον καὶ πολλὴν αἰσχύνην τοῖς δωροδοκήσασι φέρον: ἐς μέντοι τὸ δέον ἀναγέγραφεν αὐτὰ ἀνηλῶσθαι. καὶ αὖθις: οἱ δὲ Ἡρακλεῶται ἐμπίπτουσιν ἐς στάσιν βαρεῖαν. εἶτα ἐπανελθεῖν ἐς φιλίαν καὶ συμβιβάσεις βουλόμενοι προαιροῦνται ἔφορον τῆς αὖθις ὁμονοίας τὸν Κλέαρχον. καὶ αὖθις: ὁ δὲ πρὸς τοὺς ἐφόρους ἔγραψεν, ὡς ἐκείνους κήρυγμα ποιήσασθαι δημοσίᾳ τήν τε πίτταν τῶν βαλανείων ἐξαιροῦντας καὶ τὰς παρατιλτρίας ἐξελαύνοντας ἐς τὸ ἀρχαῖον ἀποκαθίστασθαι.
Notes:
[1] See also delta 243. In his commentary to Aristophanes' Clouds (Oxford, 1968) K.J. Dover explained in reference to line 859 (web address 1) that 'When Pericles' accounts came up for scrutiny after the crushing of the Euboean revolt in 445 [BCE], it was seen that he had entered ten talents as spent εἰς τὸ δέον : the Assembly, knowing that this sum had been given as a bribe to bring about the Spartan king's withdrawal of his army from Attica, wisely asked no questions'. The incident (delta 243) is described by Plutarch in his Life of Pericles 22-23 (web address 2). See also Thucydides 1.114.2 (web address 3) with A.W. Gomme's comments; 2.21.1 (web address 4) and de Ste. Croix [below] 198-200. The source of the present quotation may be Ephorus (cf. FGrH70 F193) or perhaps Theophrastus' Nomoi (cf. Plutarch, Life of Pericles 23.1), both of whom are cited by the Suda. For Sparta's ephors see also epsilon 3956.
[2] Part of Aelian fr. 89 Domingo-Forasté (86 Hercher). See also kappa 1714. Ephors were magistrates at Heraclea on the Black Sea.
[3] Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 4.27. The use of pitch strips (similar to modern depilatory strips) and male hair removal was regarded as effeminate conduct: cf. Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists 536. See also pi 1657, phi 366.
Reference:
de Ste. Croix, G.E.M., The Origins of the Peloponnesian War. London: Duckworth, 1972
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4
Keywords: architecture; art history; biography; constitution; daily life; economics; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; military affairs; philosophy; politics; science and technology; women
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 8 January 2003@01:23:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added x-refs and keyword; cosmetics) on 8 January 2003@03:25:34.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 9 October 2005@07:11:11.
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 19 November 2012@09:29:36.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links, updated reference) on 20 June 2013@01:23:22.
Catharine Roth (upgraded another link) on 20 June 2013@01:26:55.

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