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Headword: *eu)pa/rufa
Adler number: epsilon,3640
Translated headword: finely-bordered
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] well-manfactured, or wealthy.[1]
"When Diogenes the Cynic saw a certain finely-bordered person in Corinth, he said, 'Sell me to this man.'"[2]
"Next, all demanded to be finely-dressed in their outer-garments, putting on clothing more pretentious than was appropriate to the rank of each; for it was possible to obtain such [items] from resources that did not belong to them. The part of the chiton around the two arms, at the wrist came together especially narrowly, but the part from there up to each shoulder was spread unspeakably wide. As often as their arm waved when they shouted or cheered in the theaters and race-tracks, as is customary, this part was really lifted high, offering a perception to the foolish that their bodies were so fine and well-developed, that they needed to be covered with such garments, and they did not realize that the thinness of their bodies was demonstrated even more by the sheerness and extreme insubstantiality of their clothing."[3]
Greek Original:
*eu)pa/rufa: eu)kate/rgasta, h)\ plou/sia. i)dw\n *dioge/nhs o( *ku/wn eu)pa/rufo/n tina e)n *kori/nqw| e)/fh: tou/tw| me pw/lei. e)/peita e)s ta\ i(ma/tia h)ci/oun a(/pantes eu)pa/rufoi ei)=nai, kompwdeste/ran h)\ kata\ th\n e(ka/stou a)ci/an e)ndidusko/menoi th\n e)sqh=ta: kta=sqai ga\r au)toi=s ta\ toiau=ta e)c ou) proshko/ntwn parh=n. tou= de\ xitw=nos to\ a)mfi\ tw\ xei=re me/ros au)toi=s ta\ me\n e)s to\n karpo\n cuni/ei sfi/sin e)n stenw=| ma/lista, ta\ de\ e)nqe/nde a)/xri e)s w)=mon e(ka/teron e)s a)/fato/n ti eu)=ros dieke/xuto. o(sa/kis au)toi=s h( xei\r sei/oito a)nabow=sin e)n toi=s qea/trois te kai\ i(ppodromi/ais h)\ e)gkeleuome/nois, h(=|per ei)w/qei, e)s u(/yos au)toi=s tou=to dh\ to\ me/ros a)texnw=s h)/|reto, ai)/sqhsin parexo/menon toi=s a)noh/tois, o(/ti dh\ au)toi=s ou(/tw kalo/n te to\ sw=ma kai\ a(dro\n a)\n ei)/h, w(/ste dei=n ge au)toi=s pro\s tw=n toiou/twn i(mati/wn kalu/ptesqai, kai\ ou)k e)neno/oun, o(/ti dh\ au)toi=s tw=| th=s e)sqh=tos h)raiwme/nw| te kai\ kenw=| pollw=| e)/ti ma=llon to\ tou= sw/matos e)ci/thlon dielegxqei/h.
Etymologically the headword (here in the neuter nominative/accusative plural; see n. 1 below) means literally "well-woven-alongside" and refers to garments with finer than average borders or fringes, but it quickly comes to be used figuratively to refer to opulent garments in general, and to the rich and noble people who wear them. LSJ (web address 1) states that the term refers specifically to fine purple borders; however, the only unequivocal authority for that is Photius, Lexicon epsilon2282, which seems to be a description of the Roman laticlavium, an ornament to which the headword certainly might refer, but not exclusively (more ambiguously Pollux 7.46.3). Unless Herodian (1.16.3) and Irenaios (1.7.2) are being pleonastic, the sense of the headword can be separate from purple-ness. See also alpha 3460 and beta30.
[1] = Synagoge epsilon973; Photius, Lexicon epsilon2281; cf. Hesychius epsilon7060, epsilon7061, epsilon7062, Photius epsilon2282, and scholia on Lucian (155.3 and 275.7 Rabe). The headword is perhaps quoted from the Septuagint (Ezekiel 23.12); if so, it is used adverbially.
[2] An approximation of Diogenes Laertius 6.74; cf. delta 1144. On Diogenes of Sinope, see also delta 1141, delta 1143.
[3] Procopius, Secret History 7.11-13; cf. alpha 3460, eta 490, epsilon 2838.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: architecture; athletics; biography; clothing; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; historiography; history; philosophy; politics; religion; stagecraft; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 7 February 2008@01:03:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 7 February 2008@04:13:01.
William Hutton (Augmented notes, tweaked headword and translation, added link and keywords) on 7 February 2008@06:02:31.
William Hutton (typo) on 7 February 2008@06:13:40.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 14 February 2008@18:17:39.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 12 November 2012@10:03:08.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 12 November 2012@11:02:51.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 10 March 2016@07:35:57.


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