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Headword: *eu)asth/r
Adler number: epsilon,3378
Translated headword: Euaster; he who cries euoi!
Vetting Status: high
An epithet of Dionysus.[1] From the ecstatic cry euoi![2]
In the Epigrams: "these things of the open country Arcadian Biton, when an old man, dedicated to Pan and to Lyaeus who cries euoi!, that is to Lyaeus and the Nymphs."[3]
Greek Original:
*eu)asth/r: e)pi/qeton *dionu/sou. para\ to\ eu)oi= e)nqousiastiko/n. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: a)grono/mwn ta/de *pani\ kai\ eu)asth=ri *luai/w|, toute/sti *luai/w|, pre/sbus kai\ *nu/mfais *)arka\s e)/qhke *bi/twn.
[1] On Dionysus see generally delta 1185. The rare epithet appears to be Orphic (see Orphica 30, 31), and is used of Dionysus also by Marcus Argentarius (Greek Anthology 9.246). It appears to be identical with the equally rare epithet eu)asth/s used of Dionysus on an inscription from Pergamum and of his worshippers.
[2] For euoi! cf. epsilon 3785, epsilon 3787, epsilon 3788.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.154.1-2 (Leonidas of Tarentum), a rustic dedication to Pan, Dionysus, and Nymphs by one Biton; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 137-138), Gow and Page (vol. II, 393-394), and further excerpts from this epigram at kappa 1682 and sigma 1391. For Lyaeus see lambda 788. Gow and Page note (vol. I, 137) that the Anthologia Palatina also ascribes the epigram to Gaetulicus, an imitator of the Tarentine. But they reject this attribution as lacking any credence, arguing that the context of the work is firmly Meleagrian, has a Leonidean style, and that Gaetulicus was working much later, in the 1st century CE.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
Keywords: agriculture; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; poetry; religion
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 12 January 2002@15:17:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 11 September 2002@08:03:21.
David Whitehead (rearranged and augmented notes; raised status) on 1 January 2008@08:10:52.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 5 November 2012@07:25:20.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 November 2012@00:22:06.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3, added bibliography, added cross-references) on 27 May 2021@17:07:47.


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