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Headword: Ἑκάβη
Adler number: epsilon,337
Translated headword: Hekabe, Hecuba
Vetting Status: high
[sc. The name means] she who from afar [hekathen] has come [bebekuia] to her husband. For her father Dymas, the Phrygian, gave her in marriage to Priam in Troy. Thus Priam fights alongside the Phrygians. "And they now came to vine-rich Phrygia".[1] [So says] Homer.[2]
Greek Original:
Ἑκάβη: ἡ ἕκαθεν βεβηκυῖα πρὸς τὸν ἄνδρα. ὁ γὰρ πατὴρ Δύμας, ὁ Φρύξ, εἰς Ἴλιον Πριάμῳ ἐξέδοτο. ὅθεν Πρίαμος Φρυξὶ συμμαχεῖ. ἤδη καὶ Φρυγίην εἰσήλυθον ἀμπελόεσσαν. Ὅμηρος.
Same material in the Etymologicum Gudianum (438.4-6), where it is attributed to the grammarian Seleucus of Alexandria (sigma 200). Etymologicum Magnum 319.35-37 stops at 'the Phrygians'.
For Dymas, see delta 1569; for Priam, pi 2274.
This etymology of Hekabe's name from heka- ('far distant': see epsilon 339) and perfect participle of the commonplace verb βαίνω with lengthened stem is implausible if her name is in fact Phrygian. It may, however, be one of the "speaking names" used in Greek epic and may link to the alternative parentage of Hecuba as daughter of Cisseus (cf. kappa 1669).
Hekabe/Hecuba is a major character in Euripides' play of that name and also in his Trojan Women (Troades).
[1] Homer, Iliad 3.184.
[2] Addendum lacking, Adler reports, in mss FV.
OCD(4) 652 ('Hecuba').
Keywords: botany; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; food; gender and sexuality; geography; military affairs; mythology; tragedy; women
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 24 April 2000@14:06:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added bibliography; cosmetics) on 29 May 2001@10:03:46.
David Whitehead (additions to notes; more keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 13 March 2011@07:04:47.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 31 July 2012@05:28:03.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@07:34:47.
David Whitehead (more notes; coding) on 7 December 2015@07:38:15.


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