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Headword: Ἔσχατα ἐσχάτων κακὰ διαπέπρακται
Adler number: epsilon,3248
Translated headword: evils ultimate of ultimates have been perpetrated
Vetting Status: high
It is similar to '[ones] more terrible [deinotera] than Deinias' and '[ones] more shameful [kuntera] than Kunton'.[1] The proverb [is used] in reference to the heights of evil.
Greek Original:
Ἔσχατα ἐσχάτων κακὰ διαπέπρακται: ὁμοία ἐστὶ τῇ δεινότερα Δεινίου καὶ κύντερα Κύντωνος. ἡ παροιμία ἐπὶ τῶν ἄκρων κακῶν.
Apostolius 7.99, etc.; see further, n. 1 below.
For 'ultimate evils', ἔσχατα κακά , cf. epsilon 3249. In the present context, however, the proverbial heart of the headword phrase is ἔσχατα ἐσχάτων κακά , 'evils ultimate of ultimates' (deriving from Sophocles, Philoctetes 65) -- evils that can be either inflicted, as here, or suffered. For the former cf. Aelius Aristides, In response to Plato on behalf of the four [prominent Athenians he had censured] 196.13 Jebb (ἔσχατα ἐσχάτων πράττοντας ), which generated scholiastic comment. For the latter see Procopius, On the wars of Justinian 8.14.13 (ἔσχατα ἐσχάτων κακὰ πάσχουσι ).
[1] (Deinias and Kunton, if they are real, are unidentifiable.) The similarity noted between these two phrases and the headword one happens to be one of substance, but the verbal alliteration may nonetheless be what has prompted the comparison; in the Proverbs of the Alexandrians attributed to Plutarch, the present proverb is cited under the one the Suda gives as alpha 123 (q.v.).
Keywords: aetiology; biography; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; proverbs; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 20 May 2003@09:23:34.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 20 May 2003@10:33:37.
David Whitehead (added x-ref) on 21 May 2003@02:57:36.
David Whitehead on 2 November 2012@06:29:34.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 18 February 2016@05:45:01.
David Whitehead (further expansion of note; another keyword) on 19 February 2016@03:26:40.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 2 January 2018@23:40:08.


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