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Headword: Ἐστρατήγησε μετ' Ἐρασινάδου
Adler number: epsilon,3234
Translated headword: he served as general with Erasinades
Vetting Status: high
In reference to the unfortunate.[1] From those who served as generals at Arginnousa [sic], to their misfortune. This man was publicly executed, both he and the remainder: Thrasyllos, Perikles[2] and the rest. And something rather extraordinary happened to Erasinades: being prosecuted for embezzling the monies to do with the Hellespont.
Greek Original:
Ἐστρατήγησε μετ' Ἐρασινάδου: ἐπὶ τῶν δυστυχῶν. ἐκ τῶν περὶ Ἀργίννουσαν στρατηγησάντων δυστυχῶς. ἀπέθανε δὲ δημο- σίᾳ οὗτός τε καὶ οἱ ὑπομείναντες Θράσυλλος, Περικλῆς καὶ οἱ λοιποί. ἐγένετο δέ τι καὶ περιττότερον τῷ Ἐρασινάδῃ, τὸ καὶ κλοπῆς κατηγορηθῆναι τῶν περὶ Ἑλλήσποντον χρημάτων.
The headword phrase is from Aristophanes, Frogs 1196 (web address 1) -- where however the proper form of the general's name is given: see under epsilon 2895 -- and the entry as a whole was generated by ancient scholarly comment on it. The play was staged in the same year, 406 BCE, as the sea-battle between Athenian and Peloponnesian fleets at the Arginousai islands, off Lesbos; it was "a victory for the Athenians, but this was marred by the failure to pick up survivors from their crippled ships, when a storm arose" (OCD(4) s.v.). Most of the Athenian generals in command either went into exile or were tried and executed -- a trial precipitated by a prosecution of one of their number, Erasinides (sic), for embezzlement (see in full on this Xenophon, Hellenika 1.7.1ff.: web address 2). Other references to this episode appear at alpha 3764, alpha 3778, delta 234, epsilon 2658, kappa 1021.
[1] The phrase is not independently attested as a proverb (as this phrase implies).
[2] Son of the famous bearer of that name: see under pi 1178.
Donald Kagan, The Fall of the Athenian Empire (Ithaca NY 1987) chaps. 13-14
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs
Translated by: David Whitehead on 22 September 2000@09:18:21.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added links and keyword) on 11 July 2003@11:48:08.
David Whitehead (modified headword; augmented notes and keywords) on 11 July 2003@12:00:32.
Catharine Roth (added cross-references) on 11 July 2003@12:07:32.
David Whitehead on 1 November 2012@07:04:05.
David Whitehead on 1 August 2014@09:25:04.
David Whitehead on 17 February 2016@06:42:30.


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