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Headword: Ἐσκιμάλισεν
Adler number: epsilon,3150
Translated headword: flipped off
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning he/she/it] was insulting by joining the thumb to the middle finger and striking it.[1] Or meaning gave the finger: for to flip off is strictly speaking to insert the middle finger into the anus of a bird.[2] Not only this, but also when people want to humiliate someone they extend their middle finger, drawing the rest together, and show it to him. Aristophanes [writes]: "[...] and how he flipped off the spear-maker."[3]
Greek Original:
Ἐσκιμάλισεν: τῷ μέσῳ δακτύλῳ συναρμόσας τὸν μέγαν καὶ πλήξας ἐφυβρίζει. ἢ ἀντὶ τοῦ κατεδακτύλισε: σκιμαλίσαι γάρ ἐστι κυρίως τὸ μέσον τὸν δάκτυλον εἰς τὸν πρωκτὸν τοῦ ὀρνέου ἐμβαλεῖν. οὐ μόνον δὲ τοῦτο, ἀλλὰ καὶ ὅταν βουλόμενοι ἐνυβρίσαι τινά, τὸν μέσον δάκτυλον ἐντείνοντες καὶ τοὺς λοιποὺς συνάγοντες δείξωσιν αὐτῷ. Ἀριστοφάνης: καὶ τὸν δορυξὸν οἷον ἐσκιμάλισεν.
From the scholia to the Aristophanes passage quoted below.
[1] Compare kappa 516, sigma 606, phi 152.
[2] A regular practice in cockfighting today, intended to sharpen the fighting spirit of the birds.
[3] Aristophanes, Peace 549 (web address 1 below). See also Acharnians 444, and see generally J. Henderson, The Maculate Muse (New Haven 1975) 213 #470.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; ethics; gender and sexuality; military affairs; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 9 November 2002@23:51:09.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ (added notes; raised status) on 10 November 2002@07:48:41.
Ross Scaife ✝ (additional cross-references) on 10 November 2002@10:24:01.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 11 November 2002@04:53:26.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 20 December 2002@05:37:34.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 31 October 2012@04:54:30.


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