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Headword: Ἔσδρας
Adler number: epsilon,3121
Translated headword: Esdras, Ezra
Vetting Status: high
This man lived during the reign of Xerxes, the king of the Persians,[1] becoming supremely learned in law; [it was he] who memorized the writings of the books which had not been discovered, and transmitted them to the people of his nation.[2] And Esther,[3] who happened to be of the Judaean nation, obtained royal status with Artaxerxes, who was called Makrokheir ["long-hand"]. This Esther attached to herself those who were associated with her by race, among whom [was] Mardokhaios [Mordechai], who revealed the plot to Artaxerxes.
Greek Original:
Ἔσδρας: οὗτος ἐπὶ Ξέρξου ἦν, τοῦ Περσῶν βασιλέως, νομομαθὴς ἄριστος γενόμενος: ὃς τῶν μὴ εὑρεθέντων βιβλίων τὰς γραφὰς ἀναμνημονεύσας παρέδωκε τοῖς τοῦ ἔθνους. Ἐσθήρ τε Ἰουδαϊκοῦ γένους τυγχάνουσα τὴν βασίλειον τιμὴν ἐκέκτητο παρὰ Ἀρταξέρξῃ, ὃς ἐκλήθη Μακρόχειρ. αὕτη ἡ Ἐσθὴρ τοὺς πρὸς γένος αὐτῇ ᾠκειωμένους προσεποιεῖτο, ἐν οἷς καὶ Μαρδοχαῖος, ὃς τὴν ἐπιβουλὴν μηνύει τῷ Ἀρταξέρξῃ.
Mid C5 BCE.
[1] For Xerxes see generally xi 54.
[2] The exact source of the material so far is indeterminable (It is probably accidental that the phrase 'transmitted (something) to the people of his nation' is extant only once elsewhere, in John of Antioch: see under mu 406); however, 'memorized the writings etc.', including the clumsy-sounding phrase τῶν μὴ εὑρεθέντων βιβλίων , is what both John Malalas and George Cedrenus say of Ezra.
[3] For Esther, and what now follows generally, see epsilon 3139.
Keywords: biography; chronology; history; law; religion; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 30 September 2005@01:13:55.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; augmented notes and keywords) on 30 September 2005@03:05:42.
David Whitehead (modified translation) on 9 October 2005@07:36:43.
David Whitehead on 30 October 2012@07:18:45.
David Whitehead (another hw; tr cosmetics; more notes) on 15 February 2016@06:21:07.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 26 December 2017@00:02:55.


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