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Headword: Ἐθελοντής
Adler number: epsilon,309
Translated headword: willing
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning he who is] wishing. Or capable.[1]
Xenophon [writes]: "[he thought it best] to ask whether there was anyone who might wish to be proved a brave man, for having willingly undertaken the advance action."[2] "Having taken from the whole army those who were willing."[3]
Ἐθελοντίους is also used. "He expected that the Arabs would willingly agree."[4]
Greek Original:
Ἐθελοντής: βουλόμενος. ἢ χωρητός. Ξενοφῶν: διερωτᾶν, εἴ τίς ἐστιν, ὅστις ἀνὴρ ἀγαθὸς ἐθέλοι ἂν γενέσθαι, ὑποστὰς ἐθελοντὴς πορεύεσθαι. προσλαβὼν ἐθελοντὰς ἐκ παντὸς τοῦ στρατεύματος. λέγεται καὶ Ἐθελοντίους. προσεδόκησεν ἐθελοντίους τοὺς Ἀραβίους ὁμολογήσειν.
See also epsilon 306, epsilon 307, epsilon 308, epsilon 310.
[1] Other lexica also have these glosses, but the second of them is faulty; a scribal error has turned χορηγός into this χωρητός ; cf. Theodoridis on Photius, Lexicon epsilon159 (and generally chi 400).
[2] Xenophon, Anabasis 4.1.26.
[3] Xenophon, Anabasis 4.1.27.
[4] Accusative plural of ἐθελόντιος : Cassius Dio 75.12.2.
Keywords: biography; definition; economics; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: George Mallon on 3 July 2006@15:46:04.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, reference, status) on 3 July 2006@19:54:06.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; augmented notes and keywords) on 5 July 2006@04:56:24.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaking) on 29 July 2012@08:59:23.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 23 November 2016@23:21:47.


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