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Headword: Ἐθελοντήν
Adler number: epsilon,308
Translated headword: willingly
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
An adverb.[1]
"Willingly enduring the perilous dangers."[2]
Polybius [writes]: "for those wishing to endure every danger willingly."[3]
And elsewhere: "out of the whole army he picked [as marines] the best men [who] willingly [volunteered]."[4]
Greek Original:
Ἐθελοντήν: ἐπίρρημα. τοὺς παραβόλους κινδύνους ἐθελοντὴν ἀναδεδεγμένος. καὶ Πολύβιος: τοῖς βουλομένοις πάντα κίνδυνον ἐθελοντὴν ὑπομένειν. καὶ αὖθις: ἐκ παντὸς ἐπέλεξε τοῦ στρατεύματος ἐθελοντὴν τοὺς ἀρίστους.
Notes:
The headword is illustrated by all three of the quotations given. (It is indeed a particular favourite of Polybius, but occurs first in Herodotus, Xenophon, Lysias and Isaeus.)
[1] For related ones see epsilon 307, epsilon 310.
[2] Polybius fr. 129 Büttner-Wobst. Büttner-Wobst notes (p. 531) that Tittmann (p. 625) attributed this fragment to Polybius.
[3] Polybius fr. 34 Büttner-Wobst.
[4] An approximation of Polybius 1.49.5, describing Rome's swift renewal of its Sicilian naval squadron under Publius Claudius Pulcher, consul in 249 BCE.
References:
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
J. Tittmann, ed., Iohannis Zonarae Lexicon, vol. I, (Leipzig 1808)
Keywords: biography; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: George Mallon on 3 July 2006@14:04:18.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added references and another keyword, set status) on 3 July 2006@19:41:52.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; augmented notes and keywords) on 5 July 2006@04:48:36.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 31 July 2012@03:20:57.
David Whitehead (added primary note and another keyword) on 7 December 2015@05:00:16.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.1, added bibliography, cosmeticule n.2) on 20 August 2018@01:11:43.
Ronald Allen (my typos: previously modified n.2 and n.3) on 20 August 2018@01:23:50.

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