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Headword: Ἐθελονταί
Adler number: epsilon,306
Translated headword: volunteers
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Appropriately called [volunteers][1] were the slaves who had fought voluntarily on behalf of their masters who had died at Cannae.
Greek Original:
Ἐθελονταί: φερωνύμως ἐκλήθησαν οἱ δοῦλοι οἱ στρατευθέντες ἑκουσίως ὑπὲρ τῶν δεσποτῶν τῶν ἐν Κάνναις τελευτησάντων.
Notes:
Latin volones: see Livy 22.57.11 (saying that they numbered 8000); Paulus ex Festo s.v.; Lewis & Short s.v.
On the battle of Cannae (in Apulia), a crushing defeat of the Romans by Hannibal in 216 BCE, cf. alpha 3172 and see generally OCD(4) 275.
Hesychius epsilon647 explains the word ἐθελοντάς , but with a far more generic gloss (τοὺς βουλομένους ) and a reference to Demosthenes 18.68.
For this headword see also under pi 613.
[1] For such appropriateness of naming cf. under alpha 69 = iota 606 (Isaac).
Keywords: chronology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 5 April 2005@01:18:07.
Vetted by:
Antonella Ippolito (added reference) on 5 April 2005@03:08:53.
David Whitehead (tweaked translated and note; x-ref) on 11 April 2005@10:50:56.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword) on 13 March 2011@06:33:41.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords) on 31 July 2012@03:14:01.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@07:32:04.

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