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Headword: Ἐπιφοραῖς
Adler number: epsilon,2751
Translated headword: by inflictions
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] by convictions.[1]
"Those who obeyed and sacrificed themselves into the onslaught of the enemy died nobly."[2] Meaning the approach.
Greek Original:
Ἐπιφοραῖς: καταδίκαις. οἱ δὲ πεισθέντες καὶ παραδόντες ἑαυτοὺς εἰς τὴν ἐπιφορὰν τῶν πολεμίων ἀπέθανον γενναίως. ἀντὶ τοῦ τὴν ἐπέλευσιν.
Notes:
The entry combines glosses and a quotation pertaining to two different connotations of the headword noun ἐπιφορά ; cf. epsilon 2147
[1] = Synagoge epsilon772; Photius, Lexicon epsilon1787. Dative plurals, the headword one evidently quoted from somewhere; perhaps Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists 2.4 (569), one of the few instances where the dative plural is attested in the sense indicated. Hesychius epsilon5389 has a similar entry but with accusative plurals.
[2] Polybius fr. 152 Büttner-Wobst. Here the headword appears in the accusative singular and in the sense of 'onslaught' rather than 'infliction'. Büttner-Wobst accepts Casaubon's attribution of this fragment to Polybius, but observes that Schweighäuser doubted that it was genuinely Polybian (534).
Reference:
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; law; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: William Hutton on 13 February 2008@06:04:21.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (corrected note number; cosmetics) on 13 February 2008@07:14:23.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 22 October 2012@07:29:46.
William Hutton (augmented notes, added cross-reference) on 30 August 2013@15:51:15.
David Whitehead (coding) on 3 February 2016@03:59:28.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography) on 20 September 2018@15:16:52.

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