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Headword: Ἐπιτήθη
Adler number: epsilon,2691
Translated headword: great-grandmother
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the mother of the grandmother,[1] so that the τήθη ["grandmother"] is the mother of the mother or father, and the ἐπιτήθη is the mother of the father['s mother] and the mother['s mother]. Thus Isaeus [uses the word] in the [speech] In Reply To Dorotheos.[2]
Greek Original:
Ἐπιτήθη: ἡ τῆς τήθης μήτηρ, ὥστε εἶναι τὴν μὲν τήθην μητρὸς ἢ πατρὸς μητέρα, τὴν δὲ ἐπιτήθην τὴν τοῦ πατρὸς μητέρα καὶ τῆς μητρὸς μητέρα. οὕτως Ἰσαῖος ἐν τῷ πρὸς Δωρόθεον.
= Aelius Dionysius epsilon60, Etymologicum Genuinum s.v. Also basically = Photius, Lexicon epsilon1756, and Etymologicum Magnum 366.11, though Photius gives the final part as follows τὴν δὲ ἐπιτηθὴν, τῆς τοῦ πατρὸς μητέρα καὶ τῆς μητρὸς μητέρα (with the first μητέρα being obelized as corrupt by Theodoridis); and Gaisford's text of the Etym.Magn. entry has τὴν δὲ ἐπιτηθὴν, τῆς τοῦ πατρὸς μητέρος καὶ τῆς μητρὸς μητέρα . Of these, the Etym.Magn. text seems the most legible and logical, and is the basis for the suppletions in the translation above. Yet the odd deployment of definite articles and the use of the rarer genitive form μητέρος in close proximity to the canonical μητρός leaves one suspicious. Meier (1863: 121) suggested emending to μητρός . Part of the confusion may stem from the fact that these kinship terms can be highly fluid, and the headword is attested as meaning great-great-grandmother as well (Compare Pollux 3.18, and LSJ s.v. at web address 1). Nauck (1963: 142 n.35) tentatively attributed some of this to Aristophanes of Byzantium, but see the comments of Slater in Nauck-Slater (1986: 74-5).
[1] For τήθη , grandmother, see tau 472.
[2] Isaeus fr. 35 Sauppe.
Meier, M.H.E. 1863. Commentationis Andocidiae sextae particulae III-XII sive de lexicis rhetoricis (Opuscula academica II). Halle.
Nauck, A., ed. 1963 [1848]. Aristophanis Byzantii grammatici fragmenta. Hildesheim [Halle].
Nauck, A. (ed.) and W. Slater (post-ed.) 1986. Aristophanis Byzantii fragmenta. Berlin.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: children; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; law; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 11 December 2007@00:49:00.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented headword and notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 11 December 2007@03:27:26.
William Hutton (Augmented and rearranged notes, added link, tweaks and cosmetics, set status) on 11 December 2007@07:09:35.
William Hutton (replaced information I accidently deleted) on 12 December 2007@01:05:40.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 21 October 2012@07:23:19.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 1 February 2016@10:22:18.


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