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Headword: Ἐπιτακτοί
Adler number: epsilon,2658
Translated headword: reserves
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] troops additionally stationed to survey the battle and assist the hard-pressed part.[1]
Thucydides [writes]: "and the baggage-carriers they positioned inside these reserves".[2]
And elsewhere: "Socrates was chairman and neither cast a vote nor voted for condemnation".[3]
Greek Original:
Ἐπιτακτοί: στρατιῶται οἱ προστεταγμένοι τὴν μάχην ἐφορᾶν καὶ τῷ πονοῦντι μέρει βοηθεῖν. Θουκυδίδης: καὶ τοὺς σκευοφόρους ἐντὸς τούτων τῶν ἐπιτακτῶν ἐποιήσαντο. καὶ αὖθις: Σωκράτης δὲ ἦν ἐπιστάτης καὶ οὔτε ἐψήφιζε οὔτε κατεχειροτόνει.
Notes:
[1] Likewise in the derivative entry in ps.-Zonaras, except that Tittman's punctuation there includes 'troops' as part of the headword
[2] Thucydides 6.67.1 on the Athenians at Syracuse (web address 1).
[3] For the quotation cf. kappa 1021 (end) -- but it is out of place in this entry. It probably belongs, as Gaisford suggested, to epsilon 2611 (q.v.). In any event this is the famous episode from 406/5 BCE when Socrates (sigma 829), as chairman of the prytaneis, stands firm against unconstitutional treatment of the Arginousai generals. Besides kappa 1021 cf. also epsilon 3234.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; constitution; definition; ethics; historiography; history; law; military affairs; politics
Translated by: David Whitehead on 18 November 2007@11:05:06.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 18 November 2007@20:04:23.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 19 November 2007@03:10:36.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 19 November 2007@11:34:26.
David Whitehead on 21 October 2012@04:55:32.
David Whitehead on 1 February 2016@07:38:36.

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