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Headword: Ἐπιθυμῶν
Adler number: epsilon,2343
Translated headword: desiring
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Used] with a genitive.[1] [Meaning he] having a predilection. "He took them alive, desiring to bring [them] to the Lakedaimonians."[2] It is construed with a genitive.[3]
Greek Original:
Ἐπιθυμῶν: γενικῇ. προαιρετικῶς ἔχων. τοὺς δὲ ἦγε ζῶντας ἐπιθυμῶν Λακεδαιμονίοις ἀγαγεῖν. συντάσσεται μετὰ γενικῆς.
Notes:
[1] Adler compares the Ambrosian Lexicon (1726), along with Syntacticum Laurentianum and Syntacticum Gudianum, although no corresponding entry appears in Sturz's edition of the last of these; cf. Lexica Segueriana 142.24 (s.v. ἐπιθυμῶ .
[2] Adler notes Bernhardy's suggestion that this is drawn from commentary to Aristophanes, Knights 392 (web address 1), where reference is made to Kleon's capture of the Spartan troops on Sphakteria in 424 BCE; cf. kappa 1731. But if so, the statement is odd, since it was obviously to Athens that Kleon wished to -- and duly did -- bring these prisoners. Perhaps a noun has fallen out, e.g. "desiring to bring [distress/pain] to the Lakedaimonians". But Bernhardy's idea, and hence the Aristophanes connection, is rejected outright by C. Theodoridis in his Photius edition (vol.II p.CI). He finds instead a convincing link with Gylippos (gamma 477), whom Plutarch, Nikias 28.3 [28.2 Loeb], describes as 'demanding to bring alive to the Lakedaimonians' the Athenian generals he had captured in Syracuse.
[3] As already stated: see above. (It is true, but is not illustrated by the quotation given here, where the headword is construed with a complementary infinitive.)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; politics
Translated by: William Hutton on 8 November 2007@07:16:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaked n.2; cosmetics) on 8 November 2007@08:14:34.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; augmented n.2) on 8 November 2007@10:04:52.
David Whitehead (further expansion of n.2) on 12 October 2011@08:07:44.
David Whitehead on 11 October 2012@09:42:40.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 27 January 2016@11:30:46.

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