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Headword: Ἐπήρεια
Adler number: epsilon,2206
Translated headword: insolence
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] harm/injury.[1]
Thucydides [writes]: "and they ordered them by way of insolence to take back the exiles."[2]
And elsewhere: "and he ordered them to keep watch so that no one who was present perchance from the other army would act insolently toward them."[3] Meaning would injure [them].
And elsewhere: "[...] so that the insolence in these matters would rightly seem to be an injustice against mankind for all time."[4]
But strictly, ἐπήρεια [means] a raid in war. [The word is formed] out of Ἄρης, Ἄρεως .[5]
Greek Original:
Ἐπήρεια: βλάβη. Θουκυδίδης: τούς τε φεύγοντας ἐκέλευον κατ' ἐπήρειαν δέχεσθαι αὐτούς. καὶ αὖθις: καὶ παρήγγειλε παραφυλάσσειν, μὴ ἄρα πού τις ἀπὸ τῆς ἄλλης στρατιᾶς ἐνὼν ἐπηρεάζοι αὐτοῖς. ἀντὶ τοῦ βλάπτοι. καὶ αὖθις: ὥστε ἡ ἐς ταῦτα ἐπήρεια εἰκότως ἂν ἀδίκημα μέγα εἰς τοὺς ἀνθρώπους τοῦ παντὸς αἰῶνος δόξειεν εἶναι. κυρίως δὲ Ἐπήρεια, ἡ τοῦ πολέμου καταδρομή. ἐκ τοῦ Ἄρης, Ἄρεως.
Notes:
[1] Likewise, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon (1493); and cf. also the scholia to Thucydides 1.26.3 (next note).
[2] Thucydides 1.26.3 (web address 1).
[3] Quotation (already at epsilon 1412) unidentifiable. It contains not the headword but a verbal derivative, for which see epsilon 2204.
[4] Quotation not identified by Adler but identifiable via the TLG as Procopius, History of the Wars of Justinian 7.22.11 = Excerpta de legationibus of Constantine Porphyrogenitus 155.34-116.1. See on this Theodoridis' Photius edition, vol.II p.XCIII.
[5] The nominative and genitive forms of the name of the god Ares (alpha 3852).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; law; military affairs; politics; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: William Hutton on 12 September 2007@01:44:56.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 September 2007@04:31:30.
Catharine Roth (fixed link) on 13 September 2007@00:44:55.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 11 October 2011@09:57:21.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 10 October 2012@05:04:18.
David Whitehead (another note) on 26 January 2016@03:23:24.
Catharine Roth (tweaked betacode) on 3 August 2017@21:36:07.

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