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Headword: Ἔδειραν
Adler number: epsilon,219
Translated headword: they flayed
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] they skinned.[1]
But [sc. also attested is the form] ἔδηραν meaning they hit [and spelled] with eta.[2]
Greek Original:
Ἔδειραν: ἐξέδειραν. Ἔδηραν δὲ ἀντὶ τοῦ ἔτυψαν διὰ τοῦ η.
Notes:
[1] The primary headword is aorist of δέρω , third person plural. Same glossing (of a simple verb -- cf. delta 123, delta 266 -- by a compound) in other lexica, and see also the scholia to Homer, Iliad 1.459, from where the headword is evidently quoted.
[2] This distinction is reversed in ps.-Zonaras s.v., who claims that ἔδειραν with the diphthong means "they hit," and glosses ἔδηραν with the compound ἐξέδηραν . But either way, it appears that the form with eta -- not registered in LSJ -- is merely a variant (or misspelling?) of that with epsiloniota. The only independent attestation of ἔδηραν itself is in Origen's Scholia on Matthew (PG 17.301.5-7): προφῆται, οἷς τὸν μέν ἔδηραν, ὡς Μιχαίαν, πατάξαντος ἐπὶ σιαγόνα Σεδεκίου, τὸν δὲ ἀπέκτειναν, ὡς Ζαχαρίαν . (This episode where the (minor) prophet Micaiah is struck on the cheek occurs in 3 Kingdoms [1 Kings] 22.24 LXX.) See generally LSJ s.v. δέρω II for its 'colloquial' use, attested from Aristophanes onwards, as cudgel, thrash.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 30 May 2005@22:24:05.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords; cosmetics) on 31 May 2005@05:09:27.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 29 July 2012@06:00:06.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 14 December 2015@23:55:59.
Catharine Roth (modified note) on 15 December 2015@01:11:02.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2; more keywords; cosmetics) on 15 December 2015@03:43:21.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 15 December 2015@10:27:05.

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