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Headword: *)echghtai/
Adler number: epsilon,1711
Translated headword: expounders
Vetting Status: high
There are three Pythochrestoi[1], whose task it is to purify those in the grip of a certain curse. Also those expounding the ancestral customs.[2]
And Herodotus [writes]: "you are expounder of matters good for the house of the King, and all this advice of yours is sound".[3]
Expounder, in a special sense, [means] the man expounding the rites. There are also [rites] relating to what is named[4] for the dead, which they used to expound if need be.
Greek Original:
*)echghtai/: trei=s gi/nontai puqo/xrhstoi, oi(=s me/llei kaqai/rein tou\s a)/gei tini\ e)nisxhqe/ntas. kai\ oi( e)chgou/menoi ta\ pa/tria. kai\ *(hro/dotos: su\ e)s oi)=kon to\n basile/ws e)chghth\s gi/netai prhgma/twn a)gaqw=n, kai\ tau=ta eu)= parane/eis pa/nta. *)echghth/s, i)di/ws o( e)chgou/menos ta\ i(era/. e)/sti de\ kai\ a(\ pro\s tou\s katoixome/nous o)nomazo/mena e)chgou=nto toi=s deome/nois.
See also epsilon 1710.
[1] Meaning chosen by the Pythia (at Delphi). In OCD(4) p.559 (s.v. exegetes) Kevin Clinton tacitly corrects this: in C4 BCE Athens, at any rate, there was a single Pythochrestos, and four of other kinds.
[2] For this opening section of the entry cf. Timaeus, Platonic Lexicon, and the scholia to Plato, Laws 916C.
[3] Herodotus 5.31.4 (Artaphrenes to Aristagoras).
[4] So the transmitted text, o)nomazo/mena; but -- as is clear from the Suda's source for this paragraph (Harpokration s.v., commenting on [Demosthenes] 47.68) -- it should be not o)nomazo/mena but nomizo/mena, "what is customary".
Keywords: constitution; definition; historiography; history; law; philosophy; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 8 November 2000@09:07:56.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (modified translation; inserted betacode) on 1 December 2002@21:27:46.
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 2 December 2002@03:21:26.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 7 May 2007@03:06:38.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 July 2011@06:21:04.
David Whitehead on 3 August 2014@08:05:22.
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 22 December 2014@00:33:28.
David Whitehead on 16 January 2016@09:07:50.


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