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Headword: Ἔξαρνος
Adler number: epsilon,1560
Translated headword: obstinately denying, obstinate in denying
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] he who persists in denying, and denies completely.[1] "Despite having been whipped, he was obstinate in denying that he had said anything."[2]
Greek Original:
Ἔξαρνος: ὁ τῷ ἀρνεῖσθαι ἐπιμένων, καὶ ἀρνούμενος καθόλου. ὁ δὲ μαστιγωθεὶς ἔξαρνος ἦν μηδὲν εἰρηκέναι.
Notes:
[1] Same gloss at Etymologicum Magnum 346.50; cf. ps.-Zonaras, epsilon755, with gloss ἀρνούμενος (Hesychius epsilon3604, Scholia recentiora on Aristophanes, Clouds 1230a). See also ps.-Zonaras iota1124 [ = iota 728], where the same explanation occurs as a gloss for ἱσχυρογνώμων ; Photius, Lexicon, alpha2263 s. v. ἄπαρνος ; scholion on Aristophanes, Plutus 241, with gloss ἀπαρνεῖται for ἔξαρνος ἐστί , Lexicon Vindobonense epsilon217, with a quotation from Libanius. An attempted etymology by Hesychius alpha7332 s.v. ἄρνα , defined as "the oath at Clazomenae: hence ἔξαρνος "; cf. also scholia recentiora on Aristophanes, Clouds 1230b: "it seems derived from 'declare what is outside and separate,' as if ἔξαρνος were said instead of "denial outside"; but this is not true; it shows rather the emphasis on the intensity [of the denial]".
[2] Adler tentatively suggested Aelian, but a TLG search shows Iamblichus, Babyloniaca fr. 118 Habrich, with a slight discrepancy (the participle μαστιγωθεὶς seems to have been added): see sigma 1158 s. v. στραγγαλιῶδες - στραγγαλωτὴ ("whip"): ὁ δὲ ἐκέλευσεν αὐτὸν μαστιγοῦσθαι τῇ στραγγαλωτῇ. ὁ δὲ ἔξαρνος ἦν κτλ. . For examples of ἔξαρνος with an infinitive, see Demosthenes 21.174, 29.10; Herodotus 3.66; Aristophanes, Plutus 241; Andocides 1.125.
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; law; poetry; rhetoric
Translated by: Antonella Ippolito on 20 September 2007@13:23:22.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked headword, cosmetics, status) on 26 September 2007@19:22:29.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 27 September 2007@03:32:51.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 21 February 2011@22:35:09.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 22 February 2011@16:32:43.
David Whitehead (cosmetics; raised status) on 10 September 2012@08:39:31.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 19 November 2014@00:04:45.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 29 March 2015@00:50:55.

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