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Headword: Ἐνυάλιος
Adler number: epsilon,1498
Translated headword: Enyalios
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] warlike.[1]
Sophocles [uses the word]. For he distinguishes Ares from Enyalios, as a second divinity subordinate to the greater god.[2]
Arrian [writes]: "raising a cry to Enyalios they rushed against each other."[3]
And elsewhere: "forming a phalanx from their number, they attacked at a run, crying out to Enyalios."[4]
Greek Original:
Ἐνυάλιος: πολεμικός. Σοφοκλῆς. διαστέλλει γὰρ τὸν Ἄρεα ἀπὸ τοῦ Ἐνυαλίου, ὡς ἕτερον δαίμονα ὑπουργὸν τοῦ μείζονος θεοῦ. Ἀρριανός: οἱ δὲ τῷ Ἐνυαλίῳ ἀλαλάξαντες ἐναντίοι ἐφέροντο. καὶ αὖθις: φάλαγγα ἐκ σφῶν ποιησάμενοι δρόμῳ ἐπῄεσαν, ἀλαλάζοντες τῷ Ἐνυαλίῳ.
See also alpha 4112, epsilon 2310, pi 838, pi 3225, upsilon 7; for Enyo, the female counterpart of Enyalios, see epsilon 1502.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica, and cf. a scholion on Homer, Iliad 17.211 (where the headword occurs in lower case).
[2] From a scholion on Sophocles, Ajax 179 (where Enyalios is mentioned).
[3] A fragment of Arrian's Parthica or From the death of Alexander.
[4] Arrian, Indica fr. 24.7 Roos.
Keywords: definition; historiography; history; military affairs; mythology; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 28 May 2007@01:29:52.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-refs; tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 May 2007@03:17:38.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 28 May 2007@22:14:46.
David Whitehead on 30 August 2012@09:49:41.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 13 January 2016@08:37:42.


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