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Headword: *)ensta/ths
Adler number: epsilon,1441
Translated headword: adversary, opponent
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] one who is opposed in any situation, but in a special sense applying to a [sc. legal] judgment, like a)nti/dikos ["opposing party"]; but properly e)nsta/ths is said [of] the person who stands against somebody on the road, as if one should say that Oedipus had become an adversary of Laios.[1]
And Aelian in On divine activities says: "in accordance with a certain oracular response, [he was] wanting to propitiate the divinity which had become an adversary to his household."[2] And elsewhere: "[he] was a most bitter adversary to them."[3]
Greek Original:
*)ensta/ths: o( kata\ pa/nta e)nista/menos, i)dikw=s de\ e)pi\ th=s kri/sews, oi(=on a)nti/dikos: kuri/ws de\ e)nsta/ths le/getai, o( e)n th=| o(dw=| a)ntisth/kwn tini/, w(s ei) le/goi tis to\n *oi)di/poda tou= *lai/+ou e)nsta/thn gegenhme/non. kai\ *ai)liano\s e)n tw=| *peri\ qei/wn e)nargeiw=n fhsi/: kata/ tina xrhsmo\n boulhqei\s i(lew/sasqai to\n tw=| oi)/kw| au)tw=| gegenhme/non e)nsta/thn dai/mona. kai\ au)=qis: pikro/tatos au)toi=s e)nsta/ths h)=n.
[1] From a scholion on Sophocles, Ajax 104, where Athena calls Odysseus an e)nsta/ths of Ajax (web address 1). For Oedipus and his father Laios see omicroniota 34.
[2] Aelian fr. 23 Hercher, 23 Domingo-Forasté.
[3] Aelian fr. 248 Hercher, 246 Domingo-Forasté.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; law; mythology; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 21 May 2007@00:50:01.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 21 May 2007@03:08:52.
Catharine Roth (my typo) on 21 May 2007@10:51:44.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 29 August 2012@06:37:48.
Catharine Roth (updated references) on 9 January 2018@19:32:50.


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