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Headword: Ἔγκυκλον
Adler number: epsilon,135
Translated headword: shawl, wrap
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning a] cloak.[1] Aristophanes [writes]: "I would [sc. help to stop the war], even if I had to pawn this shawl." [2] And elsewhere: "bring a shawl! -- Take this one from the couch."[3] And [it is] clear that the ἔγκυκλον is a cloak, but the κροκωτός ["saffron-dyed"] a garment.[4]
Greek Original:
Ἔγκυκλον: ἱμάτιον. Ἀριστοφάνης: ἐγώ γ' ἂν κἂν εἴ με χρεῖ' ᾖ τοὔγκυκλον τουτὶ καταθεῖσαν. καὶ ἀλλαχοῦ: φέρ' ἔγκυκλον τουτὶ λάμβαν' ἀπὸ τῆς κλινίδος. καὶ δῆλον, ὡς τὸ μὲν ἔγκυκλόν ἐστιν ἱμάτιον, ὁ δὲ κροκωτὸς ἔνδυμα.
Notes:
The headword -- neuter nominative/accusative singular of the adjective ἔγκυκλος , used as a substantive -- applies specifically to a woman's upper garment (LSJ).
See also kappa 1809, kappa 2460.
[1] Same glossing in Pausanias the Atticist epsilon7; and cf. Photius, Lexicon epsilon63.
[2] An approximation of Aristophanes, Lysistrata 113-4 (web address 1), with scholion.
[4] Aristophanes, Thesmophoriasuzae 261 (web address 2: the first speaker is Euripides, the second Agathon), with scholion.
[4] Repeated at kappa 2461. The distinction being drawn is not self-evident as it stands, but perhaps there is enlightenment in the scholia to Ecclesiazusae 322: 'the krokotos is a Dionysiac garment'.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: clothing; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; gender and sexuality; religion; women
Translated by: Elizabeth Vandiver on 23 September 2005@19:50:35.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 23 September 2005@20:00:45.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 25 September 2005@06:20:36.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Cosmetics) on 25 September 2005@14:19:50.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, added cross-reference) on 2 March 2009@01:16:59.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 26 July 2012@04:25:23.
David Whitehead (my typo) on 20 January 2014@07:25:15.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule, coding) on 20 January 2014@12:52:35.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 5 December 2015@05:48:43.

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