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Headword: Ἐγκύκλιος
Adler number: epsilon,134
Translated headword: cyclical, periodic
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Referring to] the annual giving of money.
"And when the Khagan, the leader of the Avars,[1] asked for the cyclical wealth, which they would get each year from the Romans [...]".[2]
And elsewhere: "the general made the cyclical distributions of money to them."[3] Theophylact Simocatta [says this].
And elsewhere: "the cyclical largess[4] of money was poured out for the Roman corps."[5]
Poetry is also called cyclical.[6]
Greek Original:
Ἐγκύκλιος: ἡ ἐτήσιος τῶν χρημάτων δόσις. τοῦ δὲ Χαγάνου τοῦ ἡγεμόνος τῶν Ἀβάρων ἐξαιτοῦντος τὸν ἐγκύκλιον πλοῦτον, ὃν ἀν' ἔτος ἕκαστον παρὰ Ῥωμαίων ἐλάμβανον. καὶ αὖθις: ὁ δὲ στρατηγὸς τὰς ἐγκυκλίους διανομὰς τῶν χρημάτων αὐτοῖς ἐποιήσατο. Θεοφύλακτος Σιμοκάτης. καὶ αὖθις: ἡ ἐγκύκλιος τῶν χρημάτων ἐπίδοσις τῷ Ῥωμαικῷ ἐχεῖτο συντάγματι. Ἐγκύκλια λέγεται καὶ τὰ ποιητικά.
Notes:
For this adjective cf. epsilon 133.
[1] Theophylact Simocatta, Histories 7.8.2, says that the Avars (Ἄβαροι ) called their leaders Khagans or Khans (Χαγάνοι : see chi 2, chi 3).
[2] The use of ἐγκύκλιον πλοῦτον in Theophylact Simocatta in Histories 1.8.7-8 confirms that this is a fragment, or more likely an adaptation, from him -- as are the next two extracts also (see notes 3 and 5 below).
[3] cf. Theophylact Simocatta, Histories 6.6.4: τὰς δυνάμεις διαριθμησάμενος, τὰς ἐγκυκλίους τῶν χρημάτων αὐτοῖς διανομὰς ἐποιήσατο .
[4] An ἐπίδοσις or donativum was a bonus, usually of money, given out to soldiers over and above their wages in order to encourage loyalty. Here the general seems to have made an annual payment of this sort; this is similar to the way modern companies will give a Christmas bonus to keep employees happy.
[5] Theophylact Simocatta, Histories 2.10.5.
[6] Likewise in other lexica (e.g. Photius epsilon68), and cf. the scholia to Gregory of Nazianzus PG 36.914c (on the genitive plural in G.'s speech In praise of Athanasius).
Reference:
Wirth, P. Theophylacti Simocattae historiae, Leipzig: Teubner, 1887 (repr. Stuttgart: Teubner, 1972)
Keywords: biography; Christianity; definition; economics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; poetry; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Abram Ring on 29 November 2005@08:36:02.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (restored pre-translation vetting status) on 29 November 2005@08:38:07.
David Whitehead (tweaked translation and n.1) on 30 November 2005@04:49:10.
Abram Ring (cosmetics, bibliographic format) on 27 March 2006@12:53:28.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 26 July 2012@04:05:26.
Catharine Roth (deleted link) on 11 July 2015@00:50:52.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 4 December 2015@09:58:27.

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