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Headword: Ἐνιαυτὸς Μέτωνος
Adler number: epsilon,1331
Translated headword: year of Meton, Meton's year
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the nineteen-year period. For Meton the mathematician set out a cycle of time and assigned it nineteen [years].
Greek Original:
Ἐνιαυτὸς Μέτωνος: ἡ ἐννεακαιδεκαετηρίς. Μέτων γὰρ ὁ μαθηματικὸς περίοδον ἐκτιθεὶς χρόνου ἐνέταξε ιθ#.
Notes:
Meton, an Athenian mathematician and astronomer of the C5 BCE (mu 801), "is famous for his introduction of the luni-solar calendaric cycle named after him, with 19 solar years and 235 months, of which 110 were "hollow" (containing 29 days) and 125 full (containing 30 days), making a total of 6,940 days. The basis of the cycle...was undoubtedly derived from Babylonian practice" (OCD, below).
The headword phrase is preserved as proverbial (with a similar but longer gloss) in Appendix Proverbiorum 3.83.
Reference:
OCD(4) s.v. Meton (pp.942-3)
Keywords: biography; chronology; daily life; definition; mathematics; proverbs; science and technology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 7 November 2000@08:06:14.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 19 November 2002@17:26:06.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 22 November 2002@14:50:51.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 18 October 2003@09:46:03.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 29 September 2005@02:06:19.
David Whitehead on 27 August 2012@05:02:46.
David Whitehead on 1 August 2014@08:40:47.
David Whitehead on 12 January 2016@06:41:12.

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