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Headword: Ἐγκράτεια
Adler number: epsilon,124
Translated headword: continence, self-control
Vetting Status: high
[Continence] differs from temperance [σωφροσύνη ]: for temperance has desires which are calm, but continence [ones which are] strong.[1] [A person] is called continent [ἐγκράτης ] not because of passionlessness, but because of having passions but not being led by them.[2]
Also [sc. attested is the related adjective] ἐγκράτης , [meaning] he who is more/rather continent.[3]
Greek Original:
Ἐγκράτεια σωφροσύνης διαφέρει: ἡ μὲν γὰρ σωφροσύνη ἠρεμαίας ἔχει τὰς ἐπιθυμίας, ἡ δὲ ἐγκράτεια σφοδράς. ἐγκρατὴς λέγεται οὐ κατὰ ἀπάθειαν, ἀλλὰ διὰ τὸ πάσχειν μέν, μὴ ἄγεσθαι δὲ ὑπὸ τῶν παθῶν. καὶ Ἐγκρατής, ὁ ἐπικρατέστερος.
See also epsilon 123, epsilon 125.
[1] Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 121.27-28.
[2] The same (345.12-14).
[3] cf. epsilon 122, epsilon 126.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; philosophy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 3 November 2005@01:01:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; another keyword; other cosmetics) on 3 November 2005@03:14:31.
David Whitehead (tweaked end of tr) on 25 July 2012@09:33:53.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 4 December 2015@08:09:56.


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