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Headword: Ἔγκοτον
Adler number: epsilon,118
Translated headword: spite, spiteful
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] hostile, innate.[1] Also [sc. attested is the related adverb] 'spitefully', [meaning] angrily.[2]
"What envy, which is always spiteful towards good people, holds the sons of Theseus?"[3]
So long-lasting anger [is] spite [or: spiteful].[4]
Greek Original:
Ἔγκοτον: ἐχθρόν, ἐνδιάθετον. καὶ Ἐγκότως, ὀργίλως. τίς φθόνος αἰὲν Θησείδας ἀγαθῶν ἔγκοτος αἰὲν ἔχει; Ἔγκοτος οὖν ἡ ἐπίμονος ὀργή.
Notes:
[1] Likewise in Photius, Lexicon epsilon57 Theodoridis. Apparently, as Adler notes, from Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon, where however the gloss is a single phrase: ἐχθρὰν ἐνδιάθετον "innate hostility". (The headword is used as a substantive as well as an adjective: see LSJ s.v.) Given the adverb -- on which see next note -- it may be that this primary headword too is extracted from Philo Judaeus (Legatio in Gaium 260), though Theodoridis opts for Herodotus 3.59.4.
[2] Likewise in Hesychius (epsilon253) and elsewhere. Latte claims it as quoted from Philo Judaeus, In Flaccum 19. There are also three other instances in that author (and virtually none elsewhere).
[3] Greek Anthology 7.40.3-4 (Diodorus), where the first αἰέν is αἰαῖ ; again at theta 366.
[4] Addendum lacking, Adler reports, in four of the mss, and a marginal addition in two others.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; mythology; poetry; rhetoric
Translated by: Nicholas Wilshere on 30 November 2002@05:20:13.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 30 November 2002@09:13:05.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 1 January 2006@10:10:32.
David Whitehead (more notes; another keyword; tweaking) on 25 July 2012@07:24:34.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; another keyword) on 26 August 2013@03:16:00.
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 24 December 2014@20:25:02.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 4 December 2015@06:14:19.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 2 December 2018@11:56:09.

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