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Headword: Ἐγκώμιον
Adler number: epsilon,117
Translated headword: encomium
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Encomium] differs from praise.[1] For praise is a laudatory discourse praising one action, but encomium [is] an encomiastic discourse encompassing in itself many actions. And a letter praising one action of someone is called 'epainetic', but 'encomiastic' [when praising] many [such actions].
Greek Original:
Ἐγκώμιον ἐπαίνου διαφέρει: ἔπαινος μὲν γάρ ἐστι λόγος ἐπαινετικὸς μίαν πρᾶξιν ἐπαινῶν, ἐγκώμιον δὲ λόγος ἐγκωμιαστικὸς πολλὰς ἐν ἑαυτῷ πράξεις περιλαμβάνων. καὶ ἐπιστολὴ ἡ μίαν πρᾶξιν ἐπαινοῦσά τινος ἐπαινετικὴ καλεῖται, ἡ δὲ πολλὰς ἐγκωμιαστική.
Notes:
The definitions and distinctions here, however divorced from common usage, are also found in other ancient commentators, scholiasts and rhetorical theorists: see e.g. Hermogenes, Progymnasmata 15.6 Rabe; the scholia to Isocrates 9.5; [Libanius], Characteres Epistolici 30.2-7.
[1] cf. Aristotle, Rhetoric 1367b28-1368a9.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; poetry; rhetoric
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 3 June 2004@13:06:37.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 4 June 2004@01:58:57.
David Whitehead (modified and augmented note; added a keyword; further cosmetics) on 4 June 2004@03:48:01.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 25 July 2012@06:51:21.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 28 January 2015@23:58:55.

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