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Headword: Ἐμποίνιμος
Adler number: epsilon,1055
Translated headword: punishable
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] liable to punishment; that is, subject to a penalty, as if paying reparation for things one has done wrong. And the punishment for a murder which has been broken[?] is called ποινή .[1]
"Saturninus the consul attempted a tyranny. So the Romans made a promise to him more necessary than true, and recalling him they sentenced him to death, judging that the oaths were not punishable which they had made with one who deserved public vengeance."[2]
Greek Original:
Ἐμποίνιμος: ἐμποίνιος, τουτέστιν ἔνοχος ποινῇ, οἷον ἐφ' οἷς ἥμαρτε δοὺς τιμωρίαν. καὶ ποινὴ λέγεται ἡ ἐπὶ φόνῳ κλασθέντι κόλασις. ὅτι Σατορνῖνος ὁ ὕπατος τυραννίδι ἐπέθετο. οἱ τοίνυν Ῥωμαῖοι ἀναγκαίαν αὐτῷ πίστιν ὑπισχνοῦνται μᾶλλον ἤπερ ἀληθεστέραν καὶ καταγαγόντες ἐδικαίωσαν θανάτῳ, ὅρκους οὐκ ἐμποινίμους ἡγησάμενοι εἶναι, οὕσπερ πρὸς τὸν κοινὸν ἀλάστορα ἐποιήσαντο.
Notes:
For this adjective see already epsilon 1054.
[1] Similarly glossed in other lexica, e.g. PhotiusLexicon epsilon760, where the Suda's κλασθέντι is δρασθέντι , “for a murder which has been committed” (and cf. the Suda ed.pr., with πραχθέντι , identical in meaning to Photius).
[2] Mai attributed this quotation (quoted already in part at epsilon 239) to Cassius Dio; Gaisford, to Eunapius; and latterly Favuzzi [see under alpha 1596] 208-209 on vocabulary-based grounds to Aelian. In any event this 'Saturninus' is not the Antonius Saturninus of alpha 2762 and beta 433 but presumably the Republican tribune (103-99 BCE) and agitator L. Appuleius Saturninus. Though never consul, he did surrender under a promise of official safety (fides publica) before being murdered by a mob.
Keywords: biography; definition; ethics; historiography; history; law; politics
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 20 March 2007@01:12:22.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 March 2007@04:20:19.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 20 August 2012@07:23:53.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2) on 4 June 2013@05:29:11.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 14 December 2015@19:43:53.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2) on 6 January 2016@08:44:39.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 6 January 2016@10:11:13.
Matthew Farmer (Tweaked note.) on 30 January 2017@15:08:30.
Catharine Roth (another keyword) on 11 February 2017@01:57:11.

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