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Headword: Diplasiasai
Adler number: delta,1257
Translated headword: to double
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[This term][1] is used in a double sense: for [it means] either the place where the phalanx [is] when the number of the men remains the same, or the number itself. Each of these [senses may be distinguished] in two ways, either by files [lochoi] or by ranks [zuga]. [This is] the same as saying by length or by depth. Thus a doubling of men by length occurs whenever we insert [troops] between the already-existing files, or insert others [equal] in number to them, maintaining the length of the phalanx in itself, so that a close order can only arise from the doubling of the men. But [a doubling] by depth [occurs] whenever we insert [troops] between the already-existing ranks or insert others unequal in number, so that a close order can only arise by depth. By length a doubling of the place occurs whenever we change by length the above-mentioned close order into a loose one, or whenever the inserted men counter-march by length; a doubling of the place by depth occurs whenever we change by depth the above-mentioned close order into a loose one, or whenever the inserted men counter-march by depth. Some do not approve of these kinds [of manoeuvres], especially when the enemy is close, but by extending the light-armed infantry and the cavalry on both wings, they obtain the appearance of a doubling without [creating] any confusion in the phalanx.
Search [for information] about this at the end of the book in the [entry] diplasia/sai.[2]
Greek Original:
Diplasiasai: dichôs legetai: ê gar ton topon, en hôi hê phalanx menontos tou plêthous tôn andrôn, ê arithmon auton. ginetai de hekateron dichôs ê kata lochous ê kata zuga. tauton de eipein kata mêkos ê kata bathos. kata mêkos men oun ginetai diplasiasmos andrôn, hotan metaxu tôn proüparchontôn lochôn parembalômen, ê paremplekômen allous autois arithmous, to mêkos phulattontes to auto tês phalangos, hôste puknôsin genesthai monon ek tês tôn andrôn diplasiaseôs. kata bathos de, hotan metaxu tôn proüparchontôn zugôn parembalômen ê paremplekômen alla autois isarithma, hôste kata bathos puknôsin einai monon. kata mêkos de topou ginetai diplasiasmos, hotan tên proeirêmenên kata mêkos puknôsin manotêti metatattômen, ê hoi parentethentes exellissôsi kata mêkos: kata bathos de topou ginetai diplasiasmos, hotan tên proeirêmenên kata bathos puknôsin manotêti metatattômen, ê hoi parentethentes exelixôsi kata bathos. enioi de tous toioutous apodokimazousi, kai malista engus ontôn tôn polemiôn, eph' hekatera de tôn keratôn tous psilous kai tous hippous epekteinontes tên opsin tou diplasiasmou chôris tarachês tês phalangos apodidoasin. zêtei peri toutou eis to telos tou bibliou en tôi diplasiasai.
Notes:
This entry partly reproduces and partly summarizes Asclepiodotus 10.17-18. See also, in brief, Hesychius delta1942 (diaplasia/sai) and esp. delta1943 (diaplasiasmo/s).
[1] Aorist active infinitive of diaplasia/zw.
[2] A cross-reference (only in the margin of ms. A) to lemma 45 in the Onomasticon Tacticum appended to the Suda (after psi). In fact it corresponds to the present material very closely.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; military affairs
Translated by: Antonella Ippolito on 7 March 2005@19:14:22.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 8 March 2005@05:34:26.
David Whitehead (tweaked notes) on 15 July 2012@04:23:10.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 12 November 2015@03:26:02.

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