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Headword: Χαλάσαι
Adler number: chi,8
Translated headword: to loosen
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] to be untied, to be slackened. "[that] water falling out of the sky loosened the [bow-]strings of the foreigners, softened the horns of the bows,[1] and took away the force and accuracy of the archery."[2]
Greek Original:
Χαλάσαι: ἐκλυθῆναι, χαυνωθῆναι. ὕδωρ ἐξ οὐρανοῦ ἐμπῖπτον χαλάσαι μὲν τοῖς βαρβάροις τὰς νευράς, μαλάξαι δὲ τῶν τόξων τὰ κέρατα, ἀφελέσθαι δὲ τὸ βίαιον καὶ τὸ ἐπίσκοπον τῆς τοξείας.
The headword, aorist active infinitive of χαλάζω , is presumably extracted from the quotation.
[1] Ancient bows were often fashioned from two joined horns.
[2] Quotation unidentifiable, but connected by the C19 Suda editor G. Bernhardy with epsilon 2581, q.v. Be that as it may, a quotation of the same passage (with less at the end but more at the beginning) has already appeared at sigma 635. The verbs in the quotation are infinitives, suggesting that in the original the statement was in indirect discourse.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Roger Travis on 22 June 1999@16:15:10.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 23 November 2001@04:27:15.
Robert Dyer (Added cross reference) on 16 December 2001@17:12:22.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 7 November 2013@05:09:26.
William Hutton (tweaked translation, augmented note) on 25 February 2014@20:44:48.


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