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Headword: Χαμάδις
Adler number: chi,63
Translated headword: groundwards
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] to the ground, into/towards [the] earth. Also [sc. attested is] χαμᾶζε , [also meaning] to the ground.
Greek Original:
Χαμάδις: χαμαί, εἰς γῆν. καὶ Χαμᾶζε, χαμαί.
The primary headword χαμάδις appears frequently in Homer (e.g. Iliad 3.300, 6.147; Odyssey 9.290); also in Aeschylus, Seven against Thebes 357. Commentary on these passages is the most probable source for most of the information in this entry.
The headword and the supplementary lemma χαμᾶζε are formed from the obsolescent χάμα ('ground', 'earth'), which survives primarily in compounds from the classical period and later and in the allative/illative/locative forms in epic mentioned in this entry. Both have directional suffixes common in epic: -ζε is probably from original -δε , by analogy with forms like θυράσδε ("to the doors/gates"); the origins of -δις are less certain. The gloss χαμαί (chi 64) is a proper locative; the PIE locative morphological suffix was *-i for stems in *-eH2 (which became Greek nouns of the first declension in , Att.-Ion. ).
Parts of this entry have parallels in Etymologicum Magnum 806.5 and the scholia to Homer, Iliad 3.29 (where χαμᾶζε appears: web address 1 below). See also Hesychius chi127, ps.-Zonaras 1846, and (according to Adler) Lexicum Ambrosianum 134.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; poetry
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 27 March 2008@14:57:18.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (augmented notes, added keyword, raised status) on 27 March 2008@18:34:40.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 March 2008@04:05:46.
David Whitehead on 7 November 2013@07:17:07.


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