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Headword: *xalu/bois
Adler number: chi,60
Translated headword: Chalybes, Chalyboi
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A people of Scythia,[1] from where iron originated.[2]
And Lycophron [writes]: "shattered by a Chaly[b]dican sword".[3]
Also [sc. attested is] chalyps ["steel"], [meaning] iron.[4]
In the Epigrams: "and steel harsh [and] reed-devouring."[5]
Greek Original:
*xalu/bois: e)/qnos *skuqi/as, e)/nqen o( si/dhros ti/ktetai. kai\ *luko/frwn: *xaludikw=| knw/donti sunteqrausme/nw|. kai\ *xa/luy, o( si/dhros. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: kai\ xa/luba sklhro\n kalamhfa/gon.
Notes:
[1] On the Black Sea, near the R.Thermodon, according to Stephanus of Byzantium s.v. Chalybes. See Barrington Atlas map 87. (Seemingly unconnected, therefore, with chi 61 (q.v.).) The present headword, a dative plural, must be quoted from somewhere; perhaps Euripides, e.g. Alcestis 980.
[2] See further below.
[3] Lycophron, Alexandra 1109; cf. Steph.Byz. for the alternative spelling.
[4] See generally LSJ s.v.
[5] Greek Anthology 6.65.4.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; military affairs; poetry; science and technology; trade and manufacture; tragedy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 3 June 2007@08:36:22.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 4 June 2007@01:36:28.
David Whitehead (augmented n.1) on 4 June 2007@03:31:54.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 August 2011@08:07:10.
David Whitehead on 7 November 2013@07:01:45.

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