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Headword: Χοιρίλος
Adler number: chi,595
Translated headword: Choirilos, Choerilus, Khoirilos
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Of Samos, though some [say] Iasos,[1] and others report that he was from Halikarnassos. [It is recorded that] he was born in the times of Panyasis,[2] and that at the time of the Persian wars, in the 75th Olympiad,[3] he was already a young man; [and that] he became the slave of a certain Samian, being extremely handsome in his prime; [and that] he fled from Samos, and having spent time with Herodotos the historian he fell in love with stories; and they say he became his lover. He devoted himself to poetry and died in Macedonia at the court of Archelaos, the then king of that region.[4] And he wrote these works: The Victory of the Athenians over Xerxes, for which poem he received a gold stater per line and was voted a public recitation alongside the [works] of Homer;[5] [also] Lamiaka;[6] and certain other poems by him are mentioned.
Greek Original:
Χοιρίλος, Σάμιος, τινὲς δὲ Ἰασέα, ἄλλοι δὲ Ἁλικαρνασέα ἱστοροῦσι. γενέσθαι δὲ κατὰ Πανύασιν τοῖς χρόνοις, ἐπὶ δὲ τῶν Περσικῶν, ὀλυμπιάδι οε#, νεανίσκον ἤδη εἶναι: δοῦλόν τε Σαμίου τινὸς αὐτὸν γενέσθαι, εὐειδῆ πάνυ τὴν ὥραν: φυγεῖν τε ἐκ Σάμου καὶ Ἡροδότῳ τῷ ἱστορικῷ παρεδρεύσαντα λόγων ἐρασθῆναι: οὗτινος αὐτὸν καὶ παιδικὰ γεγονέναι φασίν. ἐπιθέσθαι δὲ ποιητικῇ καὶ τελευτῆσαι ἐν Μακεδονίᾳ παρὰ Ἀρχελάῳ, τῷ τότε αὐτῆς βασιλεῖ. ἔγραψε δὲ ταῦτα: τὴν Ἀθηναίων νίκην κατὰ Ξέρξου: ἐφ' οὗ ποιήματος κατὰ στίχον στατῆρα χρυσοῦν ἔλαβε καὶ σὺν τοῖς Ὁμήρου ἀναγινώσκεσθαι ἐψηφίσθη: Λαμιακά: καὶ ἄλλα τινὰ ποιήματα αὐτοῦ φέρεται.
Notes:
Late C5 BCE. See generally OCD(4) p.311, under Choerilus(2).
[1] Confusion with a later homonym from Iasos: see OCD(4) p.311, under Choerilus(3).
[2] Another epic poet (pi 248).
[3] 480-477 BCE.
[4] Archelaos (reigned 413-399 BCE) was a noted patron of Greek culture.
[5] It is unlikely that his works received their weight in gold or were read with Homer at the Panathenaea, although they may have had a public performance in Athens.
[6] So the mss.; Adler notes (but does not adopt) the attractive emendation Samiaka.
Reference:
G.L. Huxley, "Choirilos of Samos," Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 10 (1969) 12-29
Keywords: biography; chronology; economics; epic; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; poetry
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 3 August 2002@08:38:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 4 August 2002@05:19:48.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, note, bibliography) on 21 April 2003@20:54:16.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 22 April 2003@20:54:21.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 1 April 2008@03:34:45.
David Whitehead (another note; tweaking; raised status) on 14 November 2013@05:34:09.
David Whitehead (updated OCD refs) on 1 August 2014@06:36:28.

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