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Headword: Χρηστός
Adler number: chi,515
Translated headword: useful
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] he who/that which is good.[1]
And [one is] good out of love, but not out of necessity.[2]
But Χριστός ["Christ, Messiah"] [is] he who has been anointed with oil. And Χριστός [is] our Lord and God. And Χριστός [is] king.[3]
Greek Original:
Χρηστός: ὁ ἀγαθός. καὶ χρηστὸς ἐξ ἀγάπης, ἀλλ' οὐκ ἐξ ἀνάγκης. Χριστὸς δὲ ὁ ἐν ἐλαίῳ κεχρισμένος. καὶ Χριστός, ὁ κύριος καὶ θεὸς ἡμῶν. καὶ Χριστὸς βασιλεύς.
Here and again in chi 527 the lexicographer is distinguishing two words which were pronounced the same by his time: χρηστός "good" and χριστός "anointed." This confusion goes back to the time of Tacitus, who reports that the Christians were followers of one Chrestos (Annals 15.44.2-8: web address 1).
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica.
[2] (Lacking, Adler reports, in ms S.) Quotation unidentifiable; tentatively attributed by Adler to Symeon Metaphrastes.
[3] Similar material, variously, in other lexica.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 29 November 2002@00:27:15.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented note; cosmetics) on 29 November 2002@03:25:17.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 29 November 2002@12:36:44.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 3 October 2005@05:45:53.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 20 April 2010@06:42:40.
David Whitehead (more notes) on 13 November 2013@08:17:08.
Catharine Roth (added a link) on 23 March 2019@20:51:04.


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