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Headword: Χρῆσται
Adler number: chi,510
Translated headword: chrestai, borrowers, lenders
Vetting Status: high
The word has two opposite meanings: for [it can mean] creditors, as in Isaeus.[1] Aristophanes [writes]: "for by interest and the most hostile creditors I am being pillaged, plundered, having my goods seized for security".[2] But Demosthenes says [chrestes] of the debtor: "the moneylenders who had been deceived from the outset, seeing that instead of [recovering] their goods they had a villain as debtor, and nothing more".[3]
Greek Original:
Χρῆσται: δύο σημαίνει τοὔνομα τἀναντία: καὶ γὰρ τοὺς δανειστάς, ὡς παρ' Ἰσαίῳ. Ἀριστοφάνης: ὑπὸ γὰρ τόκων χρήστων τε δυσκολωτάτων ἄγομαι, φέρομαι, τὰ χρήματα ἐνεχυράζομαι. ἐπὶ δὲ τοῦ δανειζομένου Δημοσθένης φησί: οἱ δὲ δανεισταὶ τὸ ἐξ ἀρχῆς ἠπατημένοι, ὁρῶντες ἑαυτοὺς ἀντὶ τῶν χρημάτων ἄνθρωπον πονηρὸν χρήστην, ἄλλο δὲ οὐδέν.
Abridged from Harpokration s.v.
See also chi 509, chi 511.
[1] Isaeus fr. 87 Sauppe.
[2] Aristophanes, Clouds 240-1 (web address 1).
[3] Demosthenes 32.12 (web address 2).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; law; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 22 December 2000@07:49:07.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 6 September 2002@04:29:53.
William Hutton (modified headwords, added links and keyword, set status) on 13 July 2003@05:12:46.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 22 November 2005@10:07:39.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 13 July 2011@08:21:01.


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