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Headword: Χρή
Adler number: chi,471
Translated headword: it is necessary
Vetting Status: high
[When] oxytone [it means the same as] δεῖ , but "it may be necessary" [χρῇ ], the subjunctive, is perispomenon;[1] it means [the same as] δέῃ . Eupolis in Goats [writes]: "I will pay the wage, whatever it should have to be."[2] But χρῆν with the nu is past and perispomenon, [meaning] it was necessary.[3] They sometimes say χρήσται as well, meaning it is necessary. Pherecrates in Humbugs [writes]: "he said my name, why is it necessary that you call."[4] Aristophanes in Lemnian Woman [writes]: "do you indeed have heartburn? So how is it necessary to act?"[5] But χρῇς [means] you may need, and [sc. so does] δέῃ .[6] Cratinus in Laws [writes]: "for now indeed the laws of our men are at your service to do what ever is necessary."[7] And χρείη ("it might be necessary") [means the same as] δέοι .[8] Plato in Euthyphro [writes]: "[he sent a man] to find out from the religious advisor what it might be necessary to do."[9]
Greek Original:
Χρή: ὀξυτόνως δεῖ: χρῇ δὲ περισπωμένως, τὸ ὑποτακτικόν, σημαίνει τὸ δέῃ. Εὔπολις Αἰξίν: ἐγὼ τελῶ τὸν μισθόν, ὅν τιν' ἂν χρῇ. χρῆν δὲ σὺν τῷ ν καὶ περισπωμένως τὸ παρεληλυθός, τὸ ἔδει. λέγουσι δέ ποτε καὶ χρήσται, ἀντὶ τοῦ δεῖ. Φερεκράτης Λήροις: τὸ δ' ὄνομά μοι κάτειπε, τί σε χρῆσται καλεῖν. Ἀριστοφάνης Λημνίαις: ἡ καρδίω τε τίς; ἀλλὰ πῶς χρῆσται ποιεῖν; χρῇς δὲ τὸ χρῄζεις, καὶ δέῃ. Κρατῖνος Νόμοις: νῦν γὰρ δή σοι πάρα μὲν θεσμοὶ τῶν ἡμετέρων, πάρα δ' ἄλλ' ὅ τι χρῆσται. χρείη δὲ τὸ δέοι. Πλάτων Εὐθύφρονι: πευσόμενοι τοῦ ἐξηγητοῦ τί χρείη ποιεῖν.
[1] See the A scholia to Homer, Iliad 1.216 (web address 1), where the form χρή appears; see also Etymologicum Magnum 814.50.
[2] Eupolis fr. 4 Kock, now 11 K.-A.
[3] See chi 493 and chi 494.
[4] Pherecrates fr. 103 Kock, now 108 K.-A.
[5] Aristophanes fr. 362 Kock (now 377 K.-A.); Dobree reads ἢ καρδιώττεις for the nonsensical ἡ καρδίω τε τίς .
[6] χρῇς is the second person singular, present active subjunctive, of χράω ; δέῃ here is the second person singular, present middle subjunctive, of δέω ("I lack; I need").
[7] Cratinus fr. 127 Kock, now 134 K.-A.
[8] The third person singular, present optative active. See chi 467.
[9] Plato, Euthyphro 4C, where πευσόμενον becomes the Suda's πευσόμενοι : see web address 2 below.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; law; medicine; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 4 April 2008@04:36:22.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 4 April 2008@05:03:42.
David Whitehead on 13 November 2013@04:59:03.
David Whitehead on 22 December 2014@07:58:49.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2014@04:19:08.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2014@08:16:23.
David Whitehead on 24 December 2014@11:08:35.


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