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Headword: *xrew/n
Adler number: chi,461
Translated headword: necessity
Vetting Status: high
That which is destined, life's end.[1]
Aelian [writes]: "when he came to old age, he paid in full the necessity that is common to destiny and met with a fitting funeral."[2]
The [word] "necessity" is a participle, from xrw=, becoming xre/w, xre/on in the neuter. A slight alteration attends the accent and with Attic lengthening, the omicron is changed into omega and it is indeclinable. Adverbs [ending] in -on are written with omicron, except for xrew/n and e)mpodw/n ("in the way").[3]
Greek Original:
*xrew/n: ei(marme/non, te/los zwh=s. *ai)liano/s: e)pei\ de\ e)s gh=ras a)fi/keto, to\ koino\n th=| peprwme/nh| xrew\n e)ce/tise kai\ th=s proshkou/shs khdeu/sews e)/tuxe. to\ de\ xrew\n metoxh/ e)stin, a)po\ tou= xrw=, xre/w gino/menon, ou)de/teron xre/on. paratroph\ de\ parhkolou/qhse tou= to/nou, kai\ kata\ *)attikh\n e)/ktasin e)tra/ph to\ o ei)s w, kai/ e)stin a)/kliton. ta\ de\ ei)s on e)pirrh/mata dia\ tou= o mikrou= gra/fetai, plh\n tou= xrew\n kai\ e)mpodw/n.
[1] See also Hesychius s.v.
[2] Aelian fr. 188 Domingo-Forasté (185 Hercher).
[3] See LSJ s.v. xrew/n (web address 1 below). See also Etymologicum Magnum 814.23 and 814.28.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 3 April 2008@22:34:54.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 4 April 2008@04:32:34.
Catharine Roth (updated reference in note 2) on 17 October 2012@01:21:26.
David Whitehead on 13 November 2013@04:32:54.


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