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Headword: *xalki/oikos
Adler number: chi,46
Translated headword: Bronze-House, of the Bronze House; Chalkioikos
Vetting Status: high
[An epithet of] Athena in Sparta. [The term arose] either because she has a bronze house; or because it is a solid one; or because exiles from Chalkis [Myth, Place] in Euboia founded it.
Greek Original:
*xalki/oikos: h( *)aqhna= e)n *spa/rth|. h)\ o(/ti xalkou=n ei)=xen oi)=kon: h)\ dia\ to\ stereo\n ei)=nai: h)\ dia\ to\ tou\s *xalkidei=s tou\s e)c *eu)boi/as fuga/das au)to\n kti/sai.
From the scholia to Thucydides 1.128.2, where the headword occurs (and recurs at 1.134.1 & 4). See also e.g. Euripides, Helen 228 & 245; Aristophanes, Lysistrata 1299; Lycurgus 1.128, Polybius 4.22.8 and 4.35.2.
Pausanias 3.17.1-3 gives reasons for accepting the first of the three etymologies proffered here; he saw it himself, and reports that both the temple and the cult-image were of bronze.
Keywords: aetiology; architecture; art history; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; history; religion; rhetoric; trade and manufacture; tragedy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 25 November 2001@11:25:33.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 6 September 2002@01:29:03.
David Whitehead (added keywords) on 6 September 2002@03:19:07.
David Whitehead (expanded note; more keywords) on 7 August 2011@07:53:29.
David Whitehead on 7 November 2013@06:37:00.
Catharine Roth (another keyword) on 16 April 2023@16:40:33.


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