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Headword: Χῶμα
Adler number: chi,426
Translated headword: mound
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning an] elevation of earth, which enemies used to build against the walls in their sieges.[1]
"As Trajan came into Babylon, he encountered a rather large mound which Semiramis was said to have constructed. It was 25 feet high, about 50 feet wide, and 200 stades long, and it indicated the strength of the city."[2]
Greek Original:
Χῶμα: ὕψωμα γῆς, ὅπερ οἱ πολέμιοι ἐν ταῖς πολιορκίαις εἰώθασι προσχοῦν τὰ τείχη. Τραϊανὸς εἰς Βαβυλῶνα ἀφικόμενος ἐντυγχάνει χώματι μεγίστῳ, ὅπερ χῶσαι ἐλέγετο Σεμίραμις. ἦν δὲ αὐτοῦ τὸ μὲν ὕψος ποδῶν ε# καὶ κ#, τὸ δὲ εὖρος ἐς ν#, κατὰ μῆκος ἐπεῖχε σταδίους σ1#, κατηγορεῖ δὲ τὴν δύναμιν τῆς πόλεως.
[1] = Synagoge chi139; cf. chi 427, Hesychius chi862, and (according to Adler) Lexicon Ambrosianum 432.
[2] Arrian, Parthica fr. 74; possibly to be equated with the χώματα described by Herodotus 1.184.1 (web address 1). See also How and Wells' commentary ad. loc. (web address 2).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; definition; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 3 April 2008@00:40:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 3 April 2008@03:30:09.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmeticule) on 3 April 2008@16:34:17.
William Hutton (augmented note 1, raised status) on 23 August 2013@17:23:57.
David Whitehead on 12 November 2013@10:00:28.


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