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Headword: Χνόας
Adler number: chi,359
Translated headword: naves
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the spokes of the wheel. A spoke is the part that is affixed to the hole of a wheel; and it is thus called the nave of the wheel. It is pronounced with recessive accent; for disyllabic [nouns] ending in the vowel eta after omicron -- of those that begin with an aspirate -- are given a recessive accent: [e.g.] χνόη ["nave"], φθόη ["decay"], χλόη ["sprout"].[1] But the [word] πνοή ["breath"] does not have aspiration.[2]
Greek Original:
Χνόας: τὰς σύριγγας τοῦ ἄξονος. σύριγξ δέ ἐστι τὸ εἰς τὴν ὀπὴν τοῦ τροχοῦ ἐμβαλλόμενον μέρος τοῦ ἄξονος: καὶ αὐτὴ δὲ ἡ ὀπὴ τοῦ τροχοῦ οὕτως καλεῖται. εἴρηται δὲ βαρέως: τὰ γὰρ εἰς η καθαρὸν δισύλλαβα τῷ ο παραληγόμενα, ὧν προηγεῖται δασύ, βαρύνεται: χνόη, φθόη, χλόη. τὸ δὲ πνοὴ οὐκ ἔχει δασύ.
The body of this entry is taken from the scholia to Sophocles, Electra 716 (web address 1), where the headword (the accusative plural of χνόη ) appears. See also Herodian the Grammarian 3.1.305.22.
[1] That is, all of these words are accented on omicron, in the first syllable.
[2] And accordingly, its accent is on the last syllable, the eta.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; trade and manufacture; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 31 March 2008@18:43:21.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 31 March 2008@20:59:56.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 1 April 2008@03:27:30.
David Whitehead on 12 November 2013@06:11:59.


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