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Headword: Chlidê
Adler number: chi,340
Translated headword: luxury
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] daintiness,[1] laxity, and softness. It is said [to derive] from the [verb] e)xlia/nqai ["to have been warmed"].[2]
Xenophon [writes]: "we have not been reared in luxury, but in rustic fashion."[3]
And elsewhere: "and so, therefore, there was much of luxury in the leader of the Turks."[4]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "with luxuriant head-cuts", [meaning] with locks cut from the head. He might say "luxuriant hairs" [xlida/s], which are generally locks of hair, which are the dainties of the head; or inasmuch as locks are placed in the tomb as dainties and adornment for the dead. Sophocles [writes]: "first crowning the tomb of our father with libations and with luxuriant head-cuts we will then return back again."[5]
Greek Original:
Chlidê: truphê, eklusis, kai malakia. eirêtai de apo tou echlianthai. Xenophôn: ouk en chlidêi tethrammetha, alla chôritikôs. kai authis: sunchôrountôn epaurasthai tês chlidês. kai authis: houtô men oun en tôi tôn Tourkôn hêgemoni enesti chlidês. kai Chlidais karatomois, tois apo tou kratos tetmêmenois bostruchois. legoi d' an chlidas, êtoi katholou tous plokamous, hoi eisi truphê tês kephalês: ê paroson truphê kai kosmos apetithento tois nekrois hoi plokamoi en tôi taphôi. Sophoklês: hêmeis de ton patros taphon loibais to prôton kai karatomois chlidais stepsantes, eit' apsorron hêxomen palin.
cf. generally chi 339.
[1] cf. Hesychius, ps.-Herodian 151, and (according to Adler) the Ambrosian Lexicon.
[2] Likewise in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon (and similarly elsewhere). Though Timaeus does not in fact confine himself to Plato, there is a suitable instance of the genitive xlidh=s (in close association with trufh=s and other synonyms) in Plato, Symposium 197D.
[3] Xenophon, Cyropaedia 4.5.54 (web address 1 below). This sentence is spoken by Cyrus, referring to his group of hardy Persians, remarkable given that the Persians were usually thought of as soft and effeminate.
[4] Part of Menander Protector fr. 10.3 Blockley.
[5] Sophocles, Electra 51-53 (web address 2), with scholion to 52.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; philosophy; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 30 March 2008@21:01:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 March 2008@04:00:49.
David Whitehead (updated n.4) on 3 January 2012@07:51:02.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2; more keywords; tweaking) on 12 November 2013@05:22:22.
Catharine Roth (coding, tweaked link) on 24 December 2014@18:32:49.


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