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Headword: Χλιδή
Adler number: chi,340
Translated headword: luxury
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] daintiness,[1] laxity, and softness. It is said [to derive] from the [verb] ἐχλιάνθαι ["to have been warmed"].[2]
Xenophon [writes]: "we have not been reared in luxury, but in rustic fashion."[3]
And elsewhere: "and so, therefore, there was much of luxury in the leader of the Turks."[4]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "with luxuriant head-cuts", [meaning] with locks cut from the head. He might say "luxuriant hairs" [χλιδάς ], which are generally locks of hair, which are the dainties of the head; or inasmuch as locks are placed in the tomb as dainties and adornment for the dead. Sophocles [writes]: "first crowning the tomb of our father with libations and with luxuriant head-cuts we will then return back again."[5]
Greek Original:
Χλιδή: τρυφή, ἔκλυσις, καὶ μαλακία. εἴρηται δὲ ἀπὸ τοῦ ἐχλιάνθαι. Ξενοφῶν: οὐκ ἐν χλιδῇ τεθράμμεθα, ἀλλὰ χωριτικῶς. καὶ αὖθις: συγχωρούντων ἐπαύρασθαι τῆς χλιδῆς. καὶ αὖθις: οὕτω μὲν οὖν ἐν τῷ τῶν Τούρκων ἡγεμόνι ἔνεστι χλιδῆς. καὶ Χλιδαῖς καρατόμοις, τοῖς ἀπὸ τοῦ κρατὸς τετμημένοις βοστρύχοις. λέγοι δ' ἂν χλιδάς, ἤτοι καθόλου τοὺς πλοκάμους, οἵ εἰσι τρυφὴ τῆς κεφαλῆς: ἢ παρόσον τρυφὴ καὶ κόσμος ἀπετίθεντο τοῖς νεκροῖς οἱ πλόκαμοι ἐν τῷ τάφῳ. Σοφοκλῆς: ἡμεῖς δὲ τὸν πατρὸς τάφον λοιβαῖς τὸ πρῶτον καὶ καρατόμοις χλιδαῖς στέψαντες, εἶτ' ἄψορρον ἥξομεν πάλιν.
cf. generally chi 339.
[1] cf. Hesychius, ps.-Herodian 151, and (according to Adler) the Ambrosian Lexicon.
[2] Likewise in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon (and similarly elsewhere). Though Timaeus does not in fact confine himself to Plato, there is a suitable instance of the genitive χλιδῆς (in close association with τρυφῆς and other synonyms) in Plato, Symposium 197D.
[3] Xenophon, Cyropaedia 4.5.54 (web address 1 below). This sentence is spoken by Cyrus, referring to his group of hardy Persians, remarkable given that the Persians were usually thought of as soft and effeminate.
[4] Part of Menander Protector fr. 10.3 Blockley.
[5] Sophocles, Electra 51-53 (web address 2), with scholion to 52.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; philosophy; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 30 March 2008@21:01:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 March 2008@04:00:49.
David Whitehead (updated n.4) on 3 January 2012@07:51:02.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2; more keywords; tweaking) on 12 November 2013@05:22:22.
Catharine Roth (coding, tweaked link) on 24 December 2014@18:32:49.


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